Lecture 17: The Liberalization of Canadian Immigration Policies, 1960s and Beyond

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13 Jan 2011
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Lecture 17: The Liberalization of Canadian Immigration Policies, 1960s and Beyond
-a new era in immigration policy
-two issues
-matching immigration and labour needs
-sponsorship: too many unskilled workers, not enough skilled ones
-attempt at restricting sponsorship, March 1959
-PM John Diefenbaker (Progressive Conservative), order-in-
council
-protest
-rescinded
-a continuing issue
-racial bias in immigration policy
-external pressures
-trade pressures
-diplomatic pressures
-Britain and the Commonwealth
-the United Nations
*final exam, 2 hrs
-two essay question (choice out of 6 questions)
-see past exams (Portal > Content)
-significant numbers of immigrants in the postwar yrs
-recruited through the labour contract system,
-many through sponsorship
-considerable diversity
-but limited to different kind of Euros
-increasing fire for the racist immigration policies
-Canada didn't get enough skilled immigrants needed for the economy
-1967, introduction of the point system for immigration
-solved the issue of not enough skilled immigrants and the issue of racial preference
-in the late 1950s, over supply of unskilled immigrants coming to Canada
-were from rural areas
-and looking to work in industry for the first time, but may not have had the skills
-vs. the undersupply of skilled workers
-this dichotomy was because of the sponsorship system
-as landed immigrants, citizens could all sponsor relatives
-and did so in significant numbers
-for every Italian that came to Canada, 49 others were sponsored
-a serious issue by the late 1950s
-acute in 1958-1959, as a short recession occurred, growing
unemployment of unskilled workers
-unions worried about wages and standards
-so John Diefenbaker, 1957-1952, Progressive Conservative
-passed an order-in-council, March 1959
-which put a lid on the number of relatives able to be sponsored
-immediate outrage, esp. from new Canadians
-loud protests
-April 1959, the order was rescinded
-but he still was highly unpopular in immigrant circles
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

Lecture 17: the liberalization of canadian immigration policies, 1960s and beyond. Sponsorship: too many unskilled workers, not enough skilled ones. Two essay question (choice out of 6 questions) Significant numbers of immigrants in the postwar yrs. Canada didn"t get enough skilled immigrants needed for the economy. 1967, introduction of the point system for immigration. Solved the issue of not enough skilled immigrants and the issue of racial preference. In the late 1950s, over supply of unskilled immigrants coming to canada. And looking to work in industry for the first time, but may not have had the skills. This dichotomy was because of the sponsorship system. As landed immigrants, citizens could all sponsor relatives. For every italian that came to canada, 49 others were sponsored. Acute in 1958-1959, as a short recession occurred, growing unemployment of unskilled workers. Which put a lid on the number of relatives able to be sponsored. But he still was highly unpopular in immigrant circles www. notesolution. com.

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