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Lecture 17

Lecture 17: The Liberalization of Canadian Immigration Policies, 1960s and Beyond

Course Code
Ian Radforth

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Lecture 17: The Liberalization of Canadian Immigration Policies, 1960s and Beyond
-a new era in immigration policy
-two issues
-matching immigration and labour needs
-sponsorship: too many unskilled workers, not enough skilled ones
-attempt at restricting sponsorship, March 1959
-PM John Diefenbaker (Progressive Conservative), order-in-
-a continuing issue
-racial bias in immigration policy
-external pressures
-trade pressures
-diplomatic pressures
-Britain and the Commonwealth
-the United Nations
*final exam, 2 hrs
-two essay question (choice out of 6 questions)
-see past exams (Portal > Content)
-significant numbers of immigrants in the postwar yrs
-recruited through the labour contract system,
-many through sponsorship
-considerable diversity
-but limited to different kind of Euros
-increasing fire for the racist immigration policies
-Canada didn't get enough skilled immigrants needed for the economy
-1967, introduction of the point system for immigration
-solved the issue of not enough skilled immigrants and the issue of racial preference
-in the late 1950s, over supply of unskilled immigrants coming to Canada
-were from rural areas
-and looking to work in industry for the first time, but may not have had the skills
-vs. the undersupply of skilled workers
-this dichotomy was because of the sponsorship system
-as landed immigrants, citizens could all sponsor relatives
-and did so in significant numbers
-for every Italian that came to Canada, 49 others were sponsored
-a serious issue by the late 1950s
-acute in 1958-1959, as a short recession occurred, growing
unemployment of unskilled workers
-unions worried about wages and standards
-so John Diefenbaker, 1957-1952, Progressive Conservative
-passed an order-in-council, March 1959
-which put a lid on the number of relatives able to be sponsored
-immediate outrage, esp. from new Canadians
-loud protests
-April 1959, the order was rescinded
-but he still was highly unpopular in immigrant circles
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