Lecture 4: Industry, Democracy, and Modernist Art

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Published on 13 Jan 2011
School
UTSG
Department
History
Course
HIS317H1
Lecture 4: Industry, Democracy, and Modernist Art
I.The “Weimar modern”
II.Political Ferment, Cultural Revolt
III.Expressionism
IV.The Cabaret Voltaire
V.“Was ist Dada?” (What is Dada?)
VI.Architecture in the Service of Social Renewal
VII.Changing Sexual Norms: The New Woman
VIII.Hannah Höch and the Art of Photomontage
*response papers only for participation, 3 in total out of the 5 remaining tutorials
*accessibility services? Maybe
-modern art in the Weimar Republic
-Berlin in the 1920s becomes the centre of all types of mod art, painting, sculpture, dancing
-in contrast to Paris being the centre of Impressionist art in the 19th c.
-called Expressionism
-ranges from the art of Dada to Kierchers Pedestrians on Street During Nighttime”
-other works like Dream City, Red Metropolis
-film also another medium, The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, Metropolis, M
-architecture, the famous design school Bauhaus is est. in 1919 (???)
-stark, modern architecture no ornaments
-Magic Mountain” wins the Nobel Prize for Literature
-this art as a form of social activism
-radical break with tradition
-a deliberate rejection of what was taught in art schools
-has a lot to do with the war (I/II ???)
-experiments in form and content
-lots of social criticism
-satire common
-while Weimar Germany culturally very alive, this poli. revolt as an aftermath of the war, these
two things become intertwined with each other
-political fermentation and the cultural revolt
-young artists used their work for political criticism and activism
-as a complete rejection of the past, of imperial Germany and the Kaiser
-anger against tradition, conformity, and very sharp criticism of
the war and militarianism
-no more glorification of the war, quite unlike the celebratory monuments of the Franco-Prussian
War of 1870, quiet subdued
-art no longer a reflection of the outside world
-expressionism=> art is an outward manifestation of an inner experience, there is an emphasis on
psychological upheaval and psychological truth, with the idea that society is a surface
manifestation, that real truth lies deeper in the human experience
-move to turn inwards
-as an expression of the artists interior state
-as a spiritual awakening of the self, needed after the war
-many become pacifists, adhere to the idea of universal brotherhood” through
the universal truth of art
-gives the artist a new role in bringing about change, the artist as a guide to a new sense of being
to a new sense of values
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Document Summary

*response papers only for participation, 3 in total out of the 5 remaining tutorials. Berlin in the 1920s becomes the centre of all types of mod art, painting, sculpture, dancing. In contrast to paris being the centre of impressionist art in the 19th c. Ranges from the art of dada to kiercher"s pedestrians on street during nighttime . Film also another medium, the cabinet of dr. caligari, metropolis, m . Architecture, the famous design school bauhaus is est. in 1919 (???) Magic mountain wins the nobel prize for literature. This art as a form of social activism. A deliberate rejection of what was taught in art schools. Has a lot to do with the war (i/ii ???) While weimar germany culturally very alive, this poli. revolt as an aftermath of the war, these two things become intertwined with each other. Young artists used their work for political criticism and activism.