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Lecture 6

Lecture 6: The Racial State

5 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HIS317H1
Professor
Jennifer Jenkins

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Lecture 6: The Racial State
I.The Seizure of Power (Machtergreifung), 1933-34
II.The Emergency Decrees: The Reichstag Fire, Feb. 27, 1933
III.“Wild Concentration Camps: the Destruction of the Political Left
IV.The Enabling Act
V.Anti-Semitic Persecution Begins
VI.Hitler Becomes Führer
VII.Strengthening the Army: the Night of the Long Knives
VIII.The Nuremberg Laws
IX.The Racial State
X.Against Versailles
XI.All Germans in a Greater Germany”: The Anschluss with Austria
XII.The Munich Agreement
XIII.Kristallnacht, the Night of Broken Glass, November 9, 1938
XIV.The Nazi-Soviet Pact and the Invasion of Poland, September 1, 1939
***midterm is next week!!!!***
-in class, just the first hour (60 min) of class (second hr is a movie)
-mainly on factual recall, poli. history, war, revolution, Weimar rep. Nazi party,
dictatorship, up to 1938 (incl. docs for this week of Oct. 20)
-2 sections
-1) 3 short answer on major events/dates/concepts/ppl, choose 1 out of 2 q.
-explain what it is, and why it is important, the historical significance
-3-4 sentences
-2) 1 essay question out of 3 q.
-min of 4 paragraphs
-read carefully, may have specific parts to answer (2 q. within the essay
q.)
-will get grades back before Nov. 3 drop date, prob. Mon. Nov. 1 after noon
*extra-credit movie, Kolberg, named after a place in Prussia, where battle of 1907 against the
French took place , place of battle in WWII against the Soviet offense in the east, released at the
end of Jan 1945, on Oct. 21 at 12 pm-2:30 pm
-Thurs Oct 28, 4:30-6:30, movie from 1946, first aftermath of the war
Murderers are Among Us
-national socialist Germany, 1933-1945
-Jan 30, 1933 Hitler becomes Chancellor, cause of Hindenberg who was trying to consolidate
anti-democratic power, both were using each other though infact rivals for power
-the internat'l press treats his appointment very lightly, as thought he was one of the
numerous men revolving through the chancellorship, the 4th man since 1932, as Germany
in eco. and poli chaos
-but Hitler very diff from previous chancellors, who were allies of Hindenberg
-but he moves very fast, esp. hated the Treaty of Versailles, wanted to
create a greater German Reich, an aggressive, expansion state,
that Germany should be granted a "land empire" space for it to
expand, and that this would involve "cleansing" them of their
Polish/Jewish inhabitants, that German Jews could never be
full citizens, never racial comrades, none of these aspirations
were secret
-but power to implements these things is with the prez, which
www.notesolution.com
was Hindenberg
-seizure of real power in the spring of 1933, in 3 ways
-uses emergency laws under Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution
-so suspends civil rights in Germany, and ultimately suspending the Constitution
-under cover of these extralegal activities, with emergency laws, starts to eliminate poli.
enemies
-begins the systematic persecution of Germanys Jews started April 1933
-Reichstag fire, night of Feb 27, 1933
-suspicious fire at the parliament bldg, with dome set on fire
-in the aftermath, Hitler goes to Hindenberg to get power to sign an emergency
decree, claiming a state of nat'l emergency
-cause accord. to him the Bolshevik's had set it on fire. to protect the
people and the state
-and so that most rights of the constitution would be suspended
indefinitely
-morning after the fire, 4000 Commies arrested for crimes
against the state
-with the SA and the Brownshirts as his shock troops
-just lawless and seized ppl
-thrown in jail, and the start of concentration camps
-German Communism a looser movement, not really
org., but are a protesting, poli. force
-ppl like Karl Ossietzky imprisoned, a pacifist, radical
socialist, editor of important journal on theatre
which took up poli views, Die Welibuhne, Worlds
Theatre, in first concentration camp in 1933
-awarded Nobel Peace Prize in 1936, for efforts
against Nazism while still in camp,
where he eventually dies
-elections are held, promised for March 1933
-as a way to get rid of poli. opponents
-Nazi receive highest percentage of vote they will ever receive at 43.9%
-not real free elections, with lack of campaigns, funds, voters harassed
-enough votes for Hitler to take his next step
-gets a coalition govt cobbled together, which passes the Enabling Act
-which basically gets rid of the Weimar Constitution
-suspends all civil right protections, so no longer needs
emergency measures
-opens way to persecute German Jews
-and sets out that the Nazi can just issue decrees and regulations
that were in the best interests of the German people”
-anti-Semitic persecution now begins
-first with a boycott, on April 1, 1933, targets Jewish businesses, marked with signs for
good Germans not to shop there
-systematic campaign begins to identify them and target them, and strip them of
their citizenship and economic livelihoods
-but on the whole this boycott was not successful, ppl did not support it
-so the Nazi notice, and issue a decree in April 1933
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Lecture 6: The Racial State I. The Seizure of Power (Machtergreifung), 1933-34 II. The Emergency Decrees: The Reichstag Fire, Feb. 27, 1933 III. Wild Concentration Camps: the Destruction of the Political Left IV. The Enabling Act V. Anti-Semitic Persecution Begins VI. Hitler Becomes Fhrer VII. Strengthening the Army: the Night of the Long Knives VIII. The Nuremberg Laws IX. The Racial State X. Against Versailles XI. All Germans in a Greater Germany: The Anschluss with Austria XII. The Munich Agreement XIII. Kristallnacht, the Night of Broken Glass, November 9, 1938 XIV. The Nazi-Soviet Pact and the Invasion of Poland, September 1, 1939 ***midterm is next week!!!!*** -in class, just the first hour (60 min) of class (second hr is a movie) -mainly on factual recall, poli. history, war, revolution, Weimar rep. Nazi party, dictatorship, up to 1938 (incl. docs for this week of Oct. 20) -2 sections -1) 3 short answer on major eventsdatesconceptsppl, choose 1 out of 2 q. -explain what it is, and why it is important, the historical significance -3-4 sentences -2) 1 essay question out of 3 q. -min of 4 paragraphs -read carefully, may have specific parts to answer (2 q. within the essay q.) -will get grades back before Nov. 3 drop date, prob. Mon. Nov. 1 after noon *extra-credit movie, Kolberg, named after a place in Prussia, where battle of 1907 against the French took place , place of battle in WWII against the Soviet offense in the east, released at the end of Jan 1945, on Oct. 21 at 12 pm-2:30 pm -Thurs Oct 28, 4:30-6:30, movie from 1946, first aftermath of the war Murderers are Among Us -national socialist Germany, 1933-1945 -Jan 30, 1933 Hitler becomes Chancellor, cause of Hindenberg who was trying to consolidate anti-democratic power, both were using each other though infact rivals for power -the internatl press treats his appointment very lightly, as thought he was one of the numerous men revolving through the chancellorship, the 4th man since 1932, as Germany in eco. and poli chaos -but Hitler very diff from previous chancellors, who were allies of Hindenberg -but he moves very fast, esp. hated the Treaty of Versailles, wanted to create a greater German Reich, an aggressive, expansion state, that Germany should be granted a land empire space for it to expand, and that this would involve cleansing them of their PolishJewish inhabitants, that German Jews could never be full citizens, never racial comrades, none of these aspirations were secret -but power to implements these things is with the prez, which www.notesolution.com
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