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Lecture 7

Lecture 7: The Second World War and the Holocaust

Course Code
Jennifer Jenkins

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Lecture 7: The Second World War and the Holocaust
I.All Germans in a Greater Germany”
Against Versailles
Remilitarizing the Rhineland
Anschluss with Austria
Sudeten German
Munich Conference 1938: Peace in Our Time
Kristallnacht: the Night of Broken Glass, Nov. 9, 1938
The Taking of Czechoslovakia, March 1, 1939
The Nazi-Soviet Pact, August 22, 1939
II. Blitzkrieg
The Attack on Poland, September 1, 1939
The War in the West
The Attack on France: Occupation and Collaboration (Vichy)
The Battle of Britain
III.Poland: Blessed Ground and Killing Field
The Polish Partition; Wartheland and the General Government
Plans for Colonization: the Reich Commissariat for the Strengthening of Germandom
Atrocities, Ethnic Cleansing
The Building of the Ghettos: Warsaw, Lodz, Lublin
Moves Toward a Policy of Extermination of Racial Enemies
The T4 Program
IV.A War of Racial Conquest: Operation Barbarossa, June 1941
V.The “War Against the Jews
The Einsatzgruppen
Babi Yar
Jedwabne: Local Collaborators
Heydrich Charged With Finding a Final Solution
VI.The Wannsee Conference: January 1942
A Plan for the Extermination of European Jewry
VII.A Wave of Mass Murder: 1942-1943
The Camps of Operation Reinhard: Treblinka, Sobibor and Belzec
VIII.Murder Squads and the Desk-Killers
Police Battallion 101
Adolf Eichmann and the banality of evil
Ordinary Men” as Genocidal Killers
-questions of:
-was the extermination of Jews Hitler's goal from the start?
-how did it go from oppression, to expulsion, to mass murder?
-when did it really start?
-from Kristalnacht in 1938
-from the invasion of Poland in 1939
-from the first murders in the concentration camps (?) in 1941
-was the Holocaust a war within a war?
-at first WWII very much supported, by right-wing parties esp.
-definitely a Euro story, with local collaborators/killers
-Hitler takes slow steps
-1933, Germany withdraws from the League of Nations
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-1934, rearmament begins, to be war ready
-1936, 4-year plan that Germany be ready to go to war in 4 yrs
-Rhineland, bordered France, was demilitarized accord. to the Treaty of Versailles
-Hitler ignores it by rearming it, in March 1936 just marches troops in
-claims self-defense
-as France had signed a treaty with the USSR
-stations 19 infantry battalions, 13 military= 22 000 men
-French and Brits ignore this, Hitler sees it as a done deal
-appeasement, basically no reaction to new facts
-lebensbraum, living space for German race
-by expanding the German empire
-first target was Austria
-1918 onwards, Austrians wanted to join Germany
-as the Austro-Hungarian empire had ended
-were social-democrats like the Germans at the time
-joining together was outlawed by the Versailles treaty
-Arthur Seyssinquart, new chancellor of Austria
-invites the German Nazi troops into Austria
-who do so on March 12, 1928
-very popular in Germany as well
-uses issue of the R (?) Germans in Czechoslovakia to get Sudatenland
-in Munich meeting with Stalin and Neville Chamberlain in Sept. 1938
-appeasement, "peace in our time"
-March 1, 1939, annexes the Bohemia
-and Slovakia becomes a puppet state for Nazi Germany
-in this context of expansion and militarianism, that the persecution of Jews continues since 1933
-focuses on forcing them to move out of Germany
-Oct. 28, 1938, Polish-born Jews expelled from Germany, 15 000 deported
-put into camps on the Polish borders
-a guy from there, goes to Paris, tries to assassinate the German
-which Hitler uses to all out assault the Jews
-Nov. 9, 1938, kristalnacht
-claimed it was a popular, German
-Germany Jewish community fined
collectively 1 billion Marks, that
they were responsible for the
damages done
-by 1939, half other 600 000 pop. had
-now focuses on Poland, which would bring it into direct conflict with the UK and France
-now Hitler worried about a two-front war
-that he needs to secure the Eastern front, the border with the USSR
-on Aug. 1939, a pact with the USSR, a week prior to the invasion of
-though the Bolsheviks were the hated enemies of the NAzi
-the two nations would divide Poland
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