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Lecture 10

Lecture 10: East Germany, West Germany: States and Dissent, 1961-1989 Revolution and Reunification, 1989-1990

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Jennifer Jenkins

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Lecture 10: East Germany, West Germany: States and Dissent, 1961-1989
Revolution and Reunification, 1989-1990
I. The Building of the Berlin Wall: August 13, 1961
II. Possibilities for Dissent in the West: 1968 and the New Social Movements/Green Party
III. The RAF and "democracy in crisis": The Lost Honor of Katharina Blum (1974)
IV. Possibilities for Dissent in the East: the Evangelical Churches
V. Citizens' Revolution in East Germany, SeptemberNovember 1989
VI. The Berlin Wall falls: November 9, 1989
VII. Reunification: the Day of German Unity, October 3, 1990
*final on Fri. Dec. 17th, 2-5
-Ramsay Wright Lab, 225 Harbord
-Rm. 117
-culture of dissent, brings down the wall, on Nov. 9th (meaningful day), 1989
-Oct. 3, 1990, Germany unified
-capital moved to Berlin
-the Berlin Republic
-presence of the secret police in East Germany, since 1950
-strong Soviet backing to put up a wall
-summer 1961, many E. Berliners not in the city, construction began in Aug.
-last remaining gap in the "iron curtain"
-used natural boundaries, though sometimes ran right thru bldgs.
-up till 1961, were able to pass thru East and West Berlin
-unlike the 3 routes into the city, north, middle, south
-as Berlin right inside of East Germany
-in the West Berlin could approach the Wall
-in EB would be shot
-empty space in between the wall, the waste land
-early provisional forms, till standardized with slabs of concrete
-it became part of everyday life, so a big deal when it came down
-felt permanent, impossible for it to be gone
-ppl left as the barrier went up
-Willie Brundt, mayor of West Berlin, later the Chancellor
-symbol of a new generation, social democrat (Christian?)
-Oct. 1961, Berlin quite militarized, checkpoints start (???)
-possible for family visitation, highly regulated, in certain places
-for West Germans to go East, not the other way around unless elite, well-connected
-few escapees, most were young, quite physically demanding
-tunnels, usu. West to East
-Peter Schneider, "The Wall Jumper," mostly true stories
-after the wall came down, many slabs went to museums
-West Germany in the 1960s
-culture of dissent developing
-June 17, 1953, workers uprising in East Germany
-dissent pretty well killed in the 1960s-1970s
-cause of the extensive culture of informants, both official and
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