HIS377H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, Reagan Doctrine, Persian Gulf

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Published on 8 Sep 2013
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HIS 377 – 20th Century American Foreign Relations
Lecture 11 Week 11
March 28th, 2013
From Reagan to the End of the Cold War
o“The Age of Dissonance” Ford and Carter
o“Morning Again in America” The Reagan Revolution
oConfronting the “Evil Empire” (and everybody else)
o“Tearing Down Walls” The Reagan Reversal
oConclusion: “The End of History?”
o“The Age of Dissonance” Ford and Carter
oThere were tense social conditions – liberal civil rights movements and
conservative back lashes
oFord is never elected to VP or President, he is chosen after Nixon and Agnew
resign
oPleasant man, soft spoken, and affable – people thought he was stupid, but he
wasn’t
oHad a habit of saying the wrong things and having them taken out of context
o“A Ford, not a Lincoln” He meant that he was a dependable Ford car, not a
shiny Lincoln continental
Taken out of context and as a comparison to Abe Lincoln
oHe pardons Richard Nixon – this infuriated everyone – his approval ratings
dropped 20 points in one week
oHelsinki Accord 1975:
Began at Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE)
1973
oBasket 1:
Recognized existing frontiers in Europe (ended WW2)
oBasket 2:
Increased trade
oBasket 3:
Human rights
oHalloween Massacre – Nov 4th, 1975:
Made VP Nelson Rockefeller take himself off of the presidential ticket
Fired DCI Colby, hired George H. W. Bush
Fires NSA Kissinger, hired Brent Scowcroft
Fired SecDef Schlesinger, hired Donald Rumsfeld
Hired new WH Chief of Staff Dick Cheney
oFord defeats Reagan for the Republican nomination, narrowly, but loses the
election
oJimmy Carter:
Born again Baptist, and a surprise winner
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Very morally grounded – was more of a domestic President
Carter’s two men, Vance and Brzezinski hate each other
oCarter Wins:
Panama Canal
Riots in 1960s, LBJ takes first steps to share power – goes
poorly
1974, Kissinger seeks to restore sovereignty to the
Panamanians – goes poorly
The canal is useless now, its more symbolic than anything as
the US has a two ocean navy
Carter hashes out a deal to return the canal – Reagan claimed
America built and paid for it and they should keep it, called it
appeasement
Carter stood in the rain to sign the agreement, and that was
symbolic and important for the Latin Americans – Carter was
willing to lower himself and show his humbleness
Camp David Accord
Sept 17, 1978
Secret meetings between the Arabs
Sign a peace treaty between Israel and Egypt -Israel would
withdraw from the Sinai and in return they would be granted
diplomatic recognition
The second agreement – didn’t go as well, but the Israelis and
Egyptians agreed to talk again in the future
Normalization with the PRC:
Carter completes normalization with China
Carter had to do the work to make it happen – it works out very
well and Mao is dead – much easier to work with his
replacement Deng Xiaoping
US decides it will export stuff to China, and this is a boom for
the Chinese market
oCarter Losses:
South Africa:
Carter is against the apartheid – he grew up in the segregated
south and saw the devastation of it
Carter revokes the Bird amendment
Despite all of his anti-apartheid talk, he never cuts off relations
with South Africa
Cambodia:
Murderous dictator in power, Carter never stops supporting
Cambodia
The major reason was because they weren’t communist and
that was a good enough reason
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Document Summary

His 377 20th century american foreign relations. Taken out of context and as a comparison to abe lincoln: he pardons richard nixon this infuriated everyone his approval ratings, helsinki accord 1975: dropped 20 points in one week. Began at conference on security and cooperation in europe (csce) Recognized existing frontiers in europe (ended ww2) 1973: basket 1, basket 2, basket 3, halloween massacre nov 4th, 1975: Made vp nelson rockefeller take himself off of the presidential ticket. Fired dci colby, hired george h. w. bush. Hired new wh chief of staff dick cheney: ford defeats reagan for the republican nomination, narrowly, but loses the, jimmy carter: election. Born again baptist, and a surprise winner. Very morally grounded was more of a domestic president. Carter"s two men, vance and brzezinski hate each other: carter wins: Panama canal: riots in 1960s, lbj takes first steps to share power goes poorly. 1974, kissinger seeks to restore sovereignty to the.

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