Class Notes (922,233)
CA (542,774)
UTSG (45,887)
HIS (3,388)
HIS377H1 (28)
Mehta (1)
Lecture

Origins of Cold War

4 Pages
142 Views

Department
History
Course Code
HIS377H1
Professor
Mehta

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
his 377 Thursday, October 21, 2010
origins of the cold war
us aircraft drop the atomic bomb on hiroshima on 6 aug 1945
-130000 die in hiroshime and 73884 in nagasaki **ATOMIC CAFE MOVIE
-truman plans a third atomic bombing
-but japan surrenders four days later.
-shocks the world/ shocks peace mvmt in us
-truman argued use of atomic bomb was necessary to save lives of 500000 us troops and end the
war quickly
some us officials and nuclear scientist believed use was unnecessary because japan was on the
verge of defeat anyway. use of the bomb would lead to loss of us goodwill and an arms race
-they advocated: peace talks with japan, blockade and conventional bombing of japan, let the
soviet union fight japan, threaten japan with use of a-bomb, demonstrate devastative power of
the bomb to japan at an unpopulated island, and land us troops on a southern japanese island.
these were all dismissed.
why did the US use the bomb?
1. no military advisor told truman not to use the bomb. he did not decide to drop the bomb- he
went along with existing pans to use the bomb
2. revenge: americans did not forgive japan for pearl harbour
3. truman hoped the bomb would help win diplomatic benefit- stronger bargaining position with
the soviets, preempt Moscow's plans to invade japan and limit soviet influence in asia.
us officials also believed that spectacular demonstration of bomb would intimidate the soviets
into offering concessions in eastern european countries liberated from nazis and now under
soviet control
truman informed stalin at potsdam that the americans had a new weapon of unusual destructive
force.
washington and moscow move to fill power vacuum after defeat of the axis powers.
-us has a buoyant economy and the worlds largest military
-soviet economy is shattered but its military has strong presence in east europe
-us leaders are determined to shape the world.
truman and molotov meet to discuss at white house. truman gives molotov strong bashing for not
honoring the yalta accords in poland. moscow maintained a sphere of influence in east euro
EARLY SOVIET US DIFFERENCES
-molotov questioned us influence in belgium, france and germany
washington used aid as a diplomatic weapon in east europe: no aid for countries tht opposed us
principles and values. the policy backfired as it drove czechs into soviet arms
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
his 377 Thursday, October 21, 2010 origins of the cold war us aircraft drop the atomic bomb on hiroshima on 6 aug 1945 -130000 die in hiroshime and 73884 in nagasaki **ATOMIC CAFE MOVIE -truman plans a third atomic bombing -but japan surrenders four days later. -shocks the world shocks peace mvmt in us -truman argued use of atomic bomb was necessary to save lives of 500000 us troops and end the war quickly some us officials and nuclear scientist believed use was unnecessary because japan was on the verge of defeat anyway. use of the bomb would lead to loss of us goodwill and an arms race -they advocated: peace talks with japan, blockade and conventional bombing of japan, let the soviet union fight japan, threaten japan with use of a-bomb, demonstrate devastative power of the bomb to japan at an unpopulated island, and land us troops on a southern japanese island. these were all dismissed. why did the US use the bomb? 1. no military advisor told truman not to use the bomb. he did not decide to drop the bomb- he went along with existing pans to use the bomb 2. revenge: americans did not forgive japan for pearl harbour 3. truman hoped the bomb would help win diplomatic benefit- stronger bargaining position with the soviets, preempt Moscows plans to invade japan and limit soviet influence in asia. us officials also believed that spectacular demonstration of bomb would intimidate the soviets into offering concessions in eastern european countries liberated from nazis and now under soviet control truman informed stalin at potsdam that the americans had a new weapon of unusual destructive force. washington and moscow move to fill power vacuum after defeat of the axis powers. -us has a buoyant economy and the worlds largest military -soviet economy is shattered but its military has strong presence in east europe -us leaders are determined to shape the world. truman and molotov meet to discuss at white house. truman gives molotov strong bashing for not honoring the yalta accords in poland. moscow maintained a sphere of influence in east euro EARLY SOVIET US DIFFERENCES -molotov questioned us influence in belgium, france and germany washington used aid as a diplomatic weapon in east europe: no aid for countries tht opposed us principles and values. the policy backfired as it drove czechs into soviet arms www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit