HIS377 Lecture Jan 16.docx

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Published on 14 Apr 2014
School
Department
Course
HIS377
Lecture
Jan 16/2014
“To Make A World Safe for Democracy?”
-Wilson and the “Wilsonian Moment”
Empire’s Workshop: The US in Latin America
oThe Monroe Doctrine (1823)
US declares they have rights to dictate terms in Western Hemisphere
They start in Latin America
oAmericas Backyard?
oThe Panama Canal Controversy (1903)
International Trade is on the rise
A canal is needed to connect the Atlantic and the pacific
Roosevelt becomes obsessed with the idea of a canal
Panama is governed by Columbia
Columbia already gave the concession for a canal to France
Roosevelt wanted to buy the concession from France and build it himself
Columbia was not comfortable with this
US then gave Columbia a treaty where they would give Columbia $ and US would have a
lease to the land
Roosevelt knows that there is liberation movements and dissent in panama
oHe decides to support the panama independence movement
oRevolt beings and the panama revolt ends in panama independence (nov 3 1903)
oPanama gets independences, US gets canal zone
oThis was kind of a shady thing for Roosevelt to do
He went behind congresses back, etc.
oSpain is collapsing
oCountries are going into debt without Spain and therefore take out loans
oVenezuela owed money to many European countries, defaulted on loans
oUS becomes concerned that these European countries might come in to recoup some of
their $
oThis would go against the Monroe doctrine
oRoosevelt is concerned… in 1904 he introduces the corollary
o“Big Stick” Diplomacy and the Roosevelt Corollary (1904)
US has the need to ensure stability/restore order in the western hemisphere
Roosevelt sets the stage for American intervention in international affairs
oProgressive era
Possibility of improvement/perfection
If you apply the right amount of effort/government resources you can perfect society
If the US presents a good example other countries can too be perfected
“Internationalization of American and the Americanization of the World”
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Teach them to Elect Good Men: China, Mexico, and Revolution
oWoodrow Wilson (the “Schoolmaster in Politics”
He is a progressive
It is Americas duty to improve the world
He is a southerner, his father was a slave owner
Went to law school
Introduces worker compensation as governor of new jersey
Wins 1912 election
Wilson not too interested in foreign affairs
Wanted to be a domestic president
Believes in the importance of good governance
Believes in the importance of the US on international stage
Believes in the vital importance of international trade
Believes in stability
China 1911 First Chinese Revolution
Xinhai Revolution
A modernizing revolution
oBecoming more western, overthrows 2000 years of Ch’ing Dynasty
oThis will make China more like the US
oChina then has a civil war.. WW loses his appeal for the first Chinese revolution
Latin America
Mexico 1910
o Mexico run by a dictator
Very unpopular and many groups rise up to challenge his authority
o2/3rds of Mexico are owned by other countries, 2/3 of that land is owned by US
oWilson is watching Mexico closely
o1914 US decides to send the marines to Mexico
oTampico affair
US military was already protecting US land in Mexico
US marines go on Mexican territory, not there for military purpose… there was a
misunderstanding and those US troops are arrested + paraded through the streets
US demanded an apology and a 21 gun solute
Woodrow goes to congress to get permission to allow for more military
intervention in Mexico
They battled for 7 months
1910 US has 2 billion $ invested in Mexico (oil + silver)
Racism, the Monroe doctrine, and Roosevelt collory all played a part in this
US didn’t believe that Mexico could have a calm stable country
Works out well for the US, overthrows the government
Marines engage in public works, build roads, schools, sanitation facilities, improve
crime rates
Also defended American honor
John Milton Cooper
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Document Summary

Columbia was not comfortable with this: us then gave columbia a treaty where they would give columbia $ and us would have a lease to the land, roosevelt knows that there is liberation movements and dissent in panama, he decides to support the panama independence movement, revolt beings and the panama revolt ends in panama independence (nov 3 1903, panama gets independences, us gets canal zone, this was kind of a shady thing for roosevelt to do. He went behind congresses back, etc: spain is collapsing, countries are going into debt without spain and therefore take out loans, venezuela owed money to many european countries, defaulted on loans, us becomes concerned that these european countries might come in to recoup some of their , this would go against the monroe doctrine, roosevelt is concerned in 1904 he introduces the corollary, big stick diplomacy and the roosevelt corollary (1904)

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