HIS385H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Status Quo, Cecil Harcourt, Imperial Preference

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9 Feb 2016
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Japanese yuan became more and more valueless. \
Hk was a base for Japan to facilitise their need for the war
Japanese came up with another idea, to deal with HK
Death, emigration, forced labour → Hk population 1.6 mil to 0.6 mil
Hardship of “3 years and 8 months”
--Food rationing→ confiscation-> famine, 1944-45
--Atrocities: St. Stephen’s College (Dec, 1941); 10,000 women raped
--No law and order: military police on anti-Japanese activities.
Japanese govt limited the food every family can get, food price started to rise.
In Hk, Japanese soldiers were rarely being controlled under rules.
Resistance against Japanese in HK
British Army Aid Group (B.A.A.G)
Guerrillas in New Territories (Sai Kung, Yuen Long)--> East River Bridge (CCP)
supply of food applied by Japanese soldiers.
Hong Kong planning Unit in London, 1943-35: future of Hong Kong
China was part of the ally
independence: defense? survival?
Retrocession: to whom?
Status quo
During the war years, China actually asked Britain to give back Hong kong.
in London, the group of civil
Hong Kong has its own means of defense, if the Britain suddenly leave HK to give it independence. there
is no one going to protect HK anymore. And on the other hand, China will never agree that HK to be
independent.
--3 capitals in China (Nanjing-set by Taiwan government, Chongqing-national government, Yanan-
northwest)
Who do we give it to? which government?
--hard to decide
Hiroshima (Aug 6)and Nagasaki (Aug 9)--> Japanese surrender, August 15, 1945
Admiral Cecil Harcourt: military govt. Sept 1945-June 1946
Mark Young: civilian govt, 1946. he came back to resume his governor position in Hong Kong.
Consequences of Occupation/ WW2
British superiority undermined → removal from power
Need to just having a colony→ decolonization everywhere
Post-occupation Transformation
Post-war economic boom, 1945-1950
Korean War, 19500-53: UN embargo on China
Entrepot trade decreases, 1950s+
Rapid expansion of industries→ export-led industrialization
Economic take-off, 1950-1960→ gradual, but steady imperial preference tariffs +Sterling Area
Commonwealth, 3rd world as markets
cheap labour
Entrepot connections+experience
Full-industrialization by 1960s
--Manufacturing as largest employer
--Developing new markets
--Outsourcing to HK, 1960s-70s.
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