Humanists began to see models for their lives from the ancient world. The work of the ancients appealed greatly with the mercantile class. Dream of jerome: he believed that the ancient teachings of paganism were interrupting his ability to properly understand the bible. He grew up as someone without a country and thus saw the world from the outside. Petrarch was attracted to the language of cicero who is recognized as the master orator of his time. Petrarch realized there are two realities (the reality of daily life and the reality of a desire for an afterlife) Doesn"t matter if the ancients were pagans, but rather if they were moral philosophers. Petrarch gained his own notoriety (his ideas and mastery of latin spoke to italians) Erotic love: his laura (he wrote about his feelings that spoke to the reality of human emotion) A dialogue between him and his alter ego. His alter ego said he was inhibiting his own salvation.