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Lecture 31

HIS109Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 31: Friedrich Engels, Moses Hess, The Communist Manifesto

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Kenneth Bartlett

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Marx and Marxism
Socialism was a movement that wanted an alternative to liberalism
Motive for leaders to start change
Workers believed that liberalism had failed in leadership
These workers wanted change
Many people did not speak of themselves as socialists
Define Socialism
They all believe that within Capitalism there is an exploitation of others
They think that the economy should be mixed
Karl Marx
Born in Trier, Prussia in 1818
Jews had great freedom to practice law (father was lawyer)
Father converts to Lutheranism (1817), Mother stayed Jewish
Great education, very smart
Karl Marx meets George Hegel
Hegel argues his work in the Dialectic
In Paris and Brussels, Marx converts to a socialist
Comes across Moses Hess who tells him that the only way to be equal is to eliminate
private property
Meets Friedrich Engels
Friedrich Engels
Disciple of Hess
1844 they become close collaborators
Goes to England and sees a factory
Sees brutal mistreatment of people and states that the people will revolt
Believes Marx’s idea will solve everything
Goes to Belgium, joins other exiles and forms the Communist League
After economic study, he became obsessed with proving that Communism was the
World was about to collapse perfect time to strike
1848 he writes Communist Manifesto with Marx
It was an excuse for people to overthrow their oppressors “You have nothing to lose but
your chains”
Marx wrote the idea beyond the revolution
1867 Marx writes Capital on Scientific socialism
Revolution would come from Dialectic materialism
Marx Finds group in Berlin who will do as he says
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