The French Revolution: Part I

41 views7 pages
School
Department
Course
The French Revolution: Lecture 1 or 2
Key words:
A. R. Turgot
C. de Calonne
Noblesse de lโ€™epee
Noblesse de la robe
Hoberaux
Cahiers
Bastille
Lecture notes:
-The outbreak of the revolution
-The Enlightenment driving the critique of the ancient regime, not consonant with the laws
of nature
-Lead to the physical violence and the over throw of regimes
-The dream of reason brings about the monsters
-What gave the rise to the great European revolution?
o1789 breaks from the traditions of the past (1300-1789)
oAfter the revolution, new ideas, driven by the Enlightenment, driven by the
writings of the philosophers, the ideas traveled Europe-wide
-What France looked like on the eve of the revolution?
oAs in the middle ages, people were divided legally into three estates
๎€The clergy was the least numerous, rationalism and anti-clericalism made
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
the Church an extremely unattractive choice of career (100-150 thousand
clerics out of 25 million)
๎€The few church men controlled 10% of the land, the land was free from
taxation and was poorly cultivated, serfdom was still practiced on those
lands
๎€Variations of wealth and status among the clergy
๎€The greater office: aristocratic families โ€“ dumping ground for extra
children and local control
๎€The aristocratic bishops lived in the court, treated as nobles, and regular
cleric life did not appeal to them
๎€Faithful Catholics were angry with the aristocratic bishops
๎€Free gifts โ€“ the Church would give money to the king just to recognize
that the king was a cool guy, protection money, made sure that the Church
would not be subject to regular taxation
๎€Peasants needed more land and money and the practices within the Church
made the furious
๎€The nobility โ€“ 400 thousand, ยผ of all the land in the kingdom, if the king
is included then 1/3 of the land is owned by the nobility
๎€Military function โ€“ no longer had any meaning, after the expansion of the
warfare
๎€Louis XIV turned the nobility into please sand office seekers who lived at
the court
๎€They had little collective control
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 7 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

The enlightenment driving the critique of the ancient regime, not consonant with the laws of nature. Lead to the physical violence and the over throw of regimes. The dream of reason brings about the monsters. What france looked like on the eve of the revolution: as in the middle ages, people were divided legally into three estates. the clergy was the least numerous, rationalism and anti-clericalism made www. notesolution. com the church an extremely unattractive choice of career (100-150 thousand clerics out of 25 million) the few church men controlled 10% of the land, the land was free from taxation and was poorly cultivated, serfdom was still practiced on those lands. variations of wealth and status among the clergy. the greater office: aristocratic families dumping ground for extra children and local control. the aristocratic bishops lived in the court, treated as nobles, and regular cleric life did not appeal to them.

Get access

Grade+20% OFF
$8 USD/m$10 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Grade+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
40 Verified Answers
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Class+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
30 Verified Answers