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Lecture

Liberalism


Department
History
Course Code
HIS109Y1
Professor
Kenneth Bartlett

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Liberalism
Key Terms:
Hobhouse, Liberalism
Benjamin Disraeli (1804-81)
John Bright (1811-89)
William E. Gladstone (1809-89)
Louis Napoleon Bonaparte (1848-52)
Napoleon III (1852-71)
-Liberalism on a number of assumptions
Civil liberties
Laws cannot be arbitrary
No exclusion between liberty and law
Women and men must be protected and must know that law applies to everyone
equally
There must be rules
Rules result in liberty
Rules restraint liberty
To be free we must be willing to accept restraint
Economic liberty Taxes alienation of private property
Agreed upon level of taxation
Collection monitored
Legitimate collector and ways of collecting
Personal liberty
Religious liberty
State cannot tell you what you believe is wrong
Personal liberties also restraint
Against the radicals
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Where to draw the line on free speech
The debate must happen to decide where to draw the line, the community must decide
where to draw the line
Freedom to trade and associate
Freedom of the market place
To a degree must operate how Smith described it, not like a mercantile government
Cannot restrict the freedom of others to make a living
Domestic liberty in terms of extended kin and the nuclear family
Liberals: women must be equal with men
Equality of women
How to manifest this?
Marriage as a legal contract
oRegardless of what the church says, for the state, marriage is a contract,
responsibility for the children, mutual support
oNow just operation of law, but also operation of certain principles
behind those laws
Revolutionary: parents responsible for their children
Racial and/or national liberty
Informed by the practices of 19th C imperialism
Attitude of not treating everyone the same
International liberty
Diplomacy instead of force
Political liberty and sovereignty
End of history”
We’re getting better and better until we reach utopia
Parliamentary democracy guided by Enlightened opinion
-Classical liberalism general population could err, so laws were needed to restrain people
-Liberalism built on theories of largely Englishmen, experiences of Parliamentary democracy
Bentham greatest good for the greatest number
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