The Church.pdf

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Published on 14 Nov 2012
Until reformation, there was only the catholic church
During the middle ages, who should have been given the power to rule?
There were 2 sources of sovereignty:
Secular rulers inherited authority from the Roman Emperor
The Sovereignty of the Church
700 -850 - Constantine gave the rule of the Western Empire control to the pope - Donation of
Pope believed that he had the authority to role in Sovereign powers and Spiritual power
The Dual Sovereignty - lead to friction in society
Who s should have power - emperor or Pope ?
Guelf - the papal party
Ghibelline - the imperial party
Fought each other constantly
Claims were made by both parties
Emperors - going to resurrect Roman Rule
13th Century - Debate and division broke out into Warfare
Popes began to make greater claims of Sovereignty
Were able to do this because the Empire was broken
Greatest Claim - Pope had fullness of power to do anything on Earth or on Heaven
Said in the Plenitudo Potestatis
However, this Pope wasn't able to do anything b/c he didnt put the systems in place
Church grew in Wealth and Power due to it's ability to collect taxes better than anyone else
The Church had all claims on oaths, wills, Marriages etc...
Church realized that this was a way to make money
Appealing to Rome also happened, called the Rota ( Popes court)
This was a huge source of Income for the church and gave the church tremendous power
This also created a central taxation system that was extremely successful
Church felt that it had a right to obtain taxes from everyone in the church
1228 - Romans collected 10 % tax from the clergy
Also, the church was able to exercise power in every diocese
Papal Reservations - Important opposites that the Pope can appoint people too - ex: Bishops
Papal reservation became a law - Pope was able to appoint everyone
Papal Provisions - Pope could appoint priests to the farthest parishes
Communication was bad
Popes began to provide priests with living for there lives
The authority of the Church would allow its power to spread across Europe
Pope - Became an Absolute Ruler over the church by the 13th century
Power of the Vatican Grew
More people were hired in Rome to make sure the Church ran smoothly
Personal of the central - head office became economic - it became a multi - national corporation
The church was becoming less and less of a spiritual organization
Spiritual elements were ignored
Consequence - Church became more involved in economic and political activity
Friction - broke out into warfare
And uncharitable and unchristian use of money was developing
Situation became worse
The Babylonian captivity - slavery of Israelites
People had to control idea
Rome - was ridden with disputes between families
1300's - The Pope was going to leave because he was sick of the disputes
1309 - decided to bring the churches office to the French Rivera
This became a scandal because he broke cannon law
Corresponded with the 100 years war - Papacy was helping the French
Church - was becoming highly politicized
Morality of the head office declined
The Church
3:09 PM
Sept Lect. Page 1
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