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Lecture

The English Civil War.pdf

3 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HIS109Y1
Professor
Kenneth Bartlett

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TheEnglish Civil War October-24-12 3:10PM • Revolution ○ Forcedalmosteverycitizentoseewheretheybelonged ○ Religion-isthevocabularyofchange ○ Vocabularyofrevolutionwasreligion ○ Warof religion-Englishcivilwar • Elizabeth1st-keptpeacewithinEngland ○ Allcitizenswouldhavebeenabletobraceandaccept Elizabeth'smodel ○ Shewasthefigurethatwasgreaterthan everyoneelse  Shedidandexcellentjobofpickingthemembersofthecourt  WhatthequeenwantedwasacceptedbytheEnglish  England-trulybecameonecountry □ Generalcommitmenttothemonarchy □ Peoplerealizedthatthecrownwasimportant ○ Englandbenefitedfrombeinganisland  ViolenceofContinentalEuropewasseparatedfromEngland □ Elizabethusedthistohereadvantage • Duringhertimethought,therewasasilentrevolutiontakingplace ○ Riseofa neweconomyandsocialstructurechangedduringElizabeth'sreign ○ NobilityinEngland-couldnolongerbeconsideredwarriorfamilies  TheybecameasmallgroupinEnglandand therepurposewasbeingchallenged  Crown-dislikedthenobility  Tudorfamilytriedtoeliminatethenobility □ InEngland,onlytheeldestsonwouldbeanoble □ Elizabeth'skeyadvisorswerepeoplewhoworkedtherewayup ○ Roleofhouseofcommonsgrew  TheywouldlegislateineveryaspectofEnglishLife  Parliament-representedallofEngland □ ParliamentwasneededforEnglandtooperateinthemostbasicways □ Crown-couldnot taxthepeoplewithoutparliamentarypermission  Englandwasbecomingmoreofaparliamentarystate • EconomicstructureofEnglandchanged ○ Nobilitywasloosingtherecontrolovertheeconomy ○ Becausethereweresofewofthem,hadtoengageinconspicuousconsumption  Veryexpensive,butnecessaryfornoblestoachievehonouranddignityfromthecrown  Tudorpolicydidn'tallowpeopletoaccesstheking/queen -nobleswouldnotgivethingsto thenobility • Themiddleclassbegantotakeoverthepositionofnobility ○ Wasdifferentfromthemiddleclassonthecontinent ○ Had2 distinctbranches: 1) Urbanmercantileelite 2) Thecountrygentry-had wealthandinfluenceinthecounty ○ Around20,000 inEnglandat the time  Hadbeengrowingininfluenceandpower  Wasagroup that benefitedfromthesaleofmonasticlands  Greatinflationinthe1600's helpedthisclass,andbankruptthenobility  Theylivedonthereestates -closetowhatwashappeningandgoodmanagersofthere property □ Tooktherefortunesanddidn'tengageinconspicuousconsumption □ ThiswouldbecometheEnglishcapitalempire  TheGentryhadno probleminvestingintrade  Growingimportancegaveanenormousinfluenceoverpeople  Theywereallowedaccesstohouseofcommonseats  Gentryfamily'stookoverari
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