HIS109Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Thomas Wolsey, John Wycliffe, Ecclesiastical Court

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19 Aug 2016
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Ibraheem Aziz Oct 21/2015
HIS109Y L0101 Lec 11
The Reformation in England
“peial ta Peter’s pee paid  Eglish itizes
John Wycliffe (d. 1384) brought forward reform ideas such as a vernacular Bible, clerical
celibacy ending
Henry VII used church as a symbol of national unity and was a pious Christian
English monasticism was seen as powerful, rich
o By 1530s, 12 000 monks and nuns in England
o Monastic communities in England were very powerful and wealthy
o Effect on discipline of Church was negative led to luxurious living
o Places of immoral behaviour and laziness created a negative perception of the Church
J. Colet (d. 1519) preached against sins, instituted reform in Church got into trouble
Cardinal Wolsey (d. 1529) also wanted to improve Church image even being sinful himself
Rise of Martin Luther attacked monasticism intellectually and a sense of challenge/alternative
inspired reformers in the Lutheran Revolt
Anti-clericalism manifested in the works of Lutheranism
Mercantile class rose in England and became wealthy
o Mort main (dead hand) of Church was bought up by poor individuals created anger
Need for social institutions and supports grew as the population increased
o Money collected by Church was not used for these purposes
People began to critique Church more
Illegitimate son of Cardinal Wolsey was an annoyance as he received large amounts of money
from nepotism
Ecclesiastical courts infuriated people with property and the large distance from Rome created
conflicts
French Popes during the Thirt Years’ War made them seem as enemies
Gentry greatly disliked the use of canon law and taxes collected by priests
Case of Richard Honey and the burial of his dead child resulted in his arrest he was strangled in
his jail cell after
o He had been murdered by the Church
Lutheranism took place in secret to begin with meetings in secret and in universities/taverns
took place
o Two religions operating in the same country was a new idea religion had to be
supported by the state
Henry VIII (d. 1547) was against Lutherans and wrote a book against Lutheran Assertion of the
Seven Sacraments
o Gaied the title Defeder of the Faith fro the Pope of his tie
o Henry VIII was not the oldest son of his father his older brother never consummated
his marriage and Henry VIII married Catherie of Arago his dead rother’s ido
The child was Mary I (d. 1558)
o I 57, Her VIII did’t hae a legitiate ale heir – the Tudors had just recently
gained the throne from Richard III during the War of the Roses
o Her VIII did’t eliee i the Pope’s authorit – had to get an annulment of his
marriage from Catherine
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