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October 12, 2010
The Aftermath of the Conquest
Remembering the Conquest
Differing perspectives (history consists of 2 things: what happened, what people said
happened; important themes of the conquest: language, religion, referendum,
differing legal systems, Wolofs victory; William Kingsford: conquest was not a bad
thing for the French-Canadian people, new France was backward, unenterprising,
oppressive; births regime according to Kingsford, was dynamic, prosperous,
progressive, free; according to Kingsford, freedom and independence are associated
with manliness; from the French-Canadian perspective, conquest was not liberation,
but communal or national humiliation, and resulted in bringing on Anglo-speaking
people who attempted to do away with French-Canadian distinctiveness; the
conquest is still a powerful memory in the perspective of the French-speaking
The Events of 1763
Treaty of Paris ( 1763 treaty of Paris, France hands over Canada to Britain, France
pulls the plug on its north American empire, Britain was unsure of they wanted
Canada, rather have a French island in the Caribbean, decide to take Canada, how
could they turn the French people into British subjects, pursuing assimilation:
British ways of cultural practices, to encourage northward migration, does not occur:
climate was colder, soil was less fertile, the French seem to be alien, roman
Catholicism solidify; James Murray: installed as the first British govenor of Quebec);
Pontiacs ‘Rebellion (Pontiac brings together pan-aboriginal confederacy, confederacy
highly upset by illegal incursions on to their land by the British settlers, gift
diplomacy: French provide the indigenous groups of the lower great lakes with gifts;
British did not want to do that, Pontiac is upset, and this results in attacks from the
confederacy, language a politically charged thing, Jeffery Amherst: chief military
commander of the British, use of biological warfare, using blankets as gifts,
deliberately infected them with small pox); Royal proclamation (British monarchy
recognize the legitimacy of the indigenous land claims, land transactions involving
aboriginals were to be conducted exclusively by 2 parties of who owns land in NA,
recognizing indigenous land rights, from the perspective of the Anglo-American
settlers, this is unacceptable (limits and constraints on population expansion
violates their liberty)
The Quebec Act (1774)
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