Lecture Note

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17 Jan 2011
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Department
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HIS263 Jan 13
Immigration as Peril and promise
Migration in Canadian history
Largest surge in immigration is during the Laurier period
Many forms of migration
Immigration coming into a place
Emigration leaving a place
Net migration the difference between immigration and emigration
Internal migration movement within a country
Migration is rarely as simple as moving from one country to another
Migration is a series of steps
Multiple steps from where you start and where you finish
Sojourning come and leave (common for railway labourers, etc. work hard then
return)
Backdoor immigrants people who came to Canada, but had the intention of going
to the United States (common term for the United States)
An agreement was made between the US and Canada to monitor backdoor
immigrants
Push and pull factors factors that make you want to leave a place of come to a
place (religious, political, sociological, economical, etc.)
Immigration is like societies in motion
Largest immigration boom in 1913
A nation of emigrants
Up to WWII, most people wanted to leave Canada
Most Canadians who emigrated went to the United States
1900, over 1 million Canadians lived on the United States
1/5 of the population
some were English Canadians who moved to some of the nearby states
went particularly for land because arable land was largely occupied by the mid-19th
century
many people went for industrial jobs after the mid-19th century
migrants that are very difficult to track because they go back and forth a lot
they integrate easily into American communities
a large percentage are also French Canadians who generally migrate to New
England
drawn by industries such as textiles
they become a significant and noticeable group in New England
little communities in such areas made up of immigrants
Fall River and Lowell, Massachusetts
Third and fourth largest populations of French-Canadians in North America
Called Little Canada(s)
Set up ethnic institutions
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