Royal Takeover and the Clash of Empires

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Published on 14 Feb 2011
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UTSG
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History
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HIS263Y1
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HIS263Y The Royal Takeover and the Thursday September
30th 2010
Clash of Empires
They Royal Takeover
Louis XIV, Sun King
Absolutist: extreme centralized authority by the monarch
1661: ascends throne until 1715 upon his death
Like Louis XIII was a strong believer of mercantilism
Mercantilism: state control of the economy of a given political community, the basic
idea was that colonies existed in order to benefit the mother country
1.Resources
2.Market
J.B. Colbert
Minister of the Marine, pretty much the colonial minister (oversaw the
administration of Frances colonies in North America)
Along with Louis XIV, they sought to transform New France and turn it into a
French province
Sought to export to North America the governmental structures and economic
systems that existed in France itself
This desire manifests itself in the royal takeover of 1663
Prior to 1663, New France had three characteristics
1.French imperial authorities were interested in prompting settlement
2.Trade, particularly with indigenous peoples
3.Missionary activity
As a result of these objectives, New France was scattered (going in many different
directions)
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HIS263Y The Royal Takeover and the Thursday September
30th 2010
Clash of Empires
1663 Royal Takeover sought to takeover these objectives and consolidate them under
the Crown
Governmental Change
Colbert imposed on New France the governmental structures of France itself
At the top of this structure was Louis XIV
Key ideological justification that allows him to be on top is the divine right of kings
Political power derives not from popular consent but from God
On the day to day basis, everyday administration, Colbert and Louis are removed
The people who exercise meaningful power are:
Governor
Military officer
Someone of noble birth
Almost always born in France
Supreme authority within New France itself (Louis/Colbert still on top)
Responsible for military and diplomatic affairs
Intendant
Beneath the governor is the Intendant
Immensely important
While technically not as important as the Governor, he is responsible for civil
administration (finances of the colonies, legal affairs, etc.)
Bishop
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HIS263Y The Royal Takeover and the Thursday September
30th 2010
Clash of Empires
Roman Catholic bishop
Ever since the creation of 100 Associates, New France had been exclusively Catholic
In exchange for the fur trade, they had to promote settlement/Catholicism
Their authority, as a result of the Royal Takeover, is limited
Louis and Colbert were concerned that the Church enjoyed too much independence
The Jesuit order, for example, had played a huge role in the decimation of Huronia
Felt that New France had been pulled in too many directions, so they wanted to
centralize
Cumulatively, these three figures are called the Sovereign Council and is the
dominant authority within New France
Occasionally, individuals were allowed to participate in the activities of the
Sovereign Council, but it was NOT a democracy
There were no large-scale votes in which people could decide
Economic Change
Seigneurial system
Dominant form of land-tenure (who controls land/property) in both old and new
France
Had existed in New France since the early 17
th century, so long before the Royal
Takeover
Jean Talon, an Intendant, was responsible for dramatically changing this system
Under Seignerualism, the land in new France was divided into a series of thin,
rectangular strips
These trips were known as Seigneuris
St. Lawrence River, in skinny plots of land that were often 20x as long as they were
wide
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Document Summary

 absolutist: extreme centralized authority by the monarch. 1661: ascends throne until 1715 upon his death. Like louis xii i was a strong believer of mercantilism.  mercantilism: state control of the economy of a given political community, the basic idea was that colonies existed in order to benefit the mother country: resources, market.  minister of the marine, pretty much the colonial minister (oversaw the administration of france"s colonies in north america)  along with louis xiv, they sought to transform new france and turn it into a.  sought to export to north america the governmental structures and economic systems that existed in france itself. This desire manifests itself in the royal takeover of 1663.  prior to 1663, new france had three characteristics: french imperial authorities were interested in prompting settlement, trade, particularly with indigenous peoples, missionary activity.  as a result of these objectives, new france was scattered (going in many different directions) www. notesolution. com.