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Lecture 1 Second Term

Course Code
Heidi Bohaker

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Wilfrid Laurier and Canadian Politics
1.Louis Riel Revisited
2. Growing Divisions
3.The Laurier Style
4.The Sunny Way
1. Riel
How was his hanging to be understood? What did it mean? What did his actions mean?
Interpretive difference: Quebecois French-Catholics vs. Ontarian English-Protestants
Ontarians: Murdering rebel, Quebecois: Martyr, leader
2. Growing Divisions
-Manitoba Schools Question
-Manitoba Act (1871)
-“Remedial Legislation
Eliminated funding for bilingual and catholic education in Manitoba. These had been
guarantees in the original Manitoba Act. Part of broader effort to Anglo-Protestantism.
Made sense in 1870 when population and politics was equally divided. However, by then
Catholics were less than 10%, swamped by settlers from Ontario. Many of these opposed
separate schools. Afraid it would hinder unified culture in the West. Catholics were small
group and couldnt fight back. Became national issue because BNA Act gave federal govt.
protection powers of the education of religious minorities. Intervened with remedial
legislation. Should they pass it? Its a lightning rod-symptom of much broader conflict-
diverging cultural ideas. Govt. hadnt really thought about FCs outside of Quebec, such as
Metis and Acadian minorities. They were attached to FCs in Quebec.
Thus, Quebecois articulated new idea of confederation- a by cultural compound between two
founding races. Henri Bourassa led this. Argued cultural duality. Should be all through
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