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Jan 20 lecture

Course Code
Heidi Bohaker

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Lecture 4 1/20/11 The Age of Light, Soap, and Water
Age of Reform
oIda Whipple in 1910, she was 17 in New Brunswick. Won a prize for an
essay called the Busy East on civic improvement. Addressed a wide range set
of issues; better public library and playgrounds, better policing, better
chemistry equipment in school, prohibition, more experts in the government,
oShe wrote about ideas of reform in the big cities of Canada and Britain
oHer ordinariness makes a good example for the trends of the period
oReforms penetrated down into the ordinary population
o1880s-1920s North Americans were taken up with reform initiatives
oFix problems they saw in the emerging urban industrial Canada
oPrison reform, urban reform, sanitation, public health, sexual and social
purity, alcohol, immigration, womens suffrage, parks and recreation
oThe typical reformer championed more than 1 cause
oInternational network of ideas
oTypical reformer in this period was white, middle class, and Protestant
oPractical reform solutions were couched in very broad terms
oMany saw reform not as a series of small isolated measures, but as a grand
project to regenerate society and the human soul a general impulse
Settlement Houses
oTried to deal with the problem of immigrant life, especially in the city
oIdea of settlement house originated in US and Britain
oHull House (Chicago) founded in 1880s
oMost major cities in Canada
oAll Peoples Mission (Winnipeg) was founded by J.S. Woodsworth (Methodist
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