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15 Feb 2011
Lecture 4 1/20/11 The Age of Light, Soap, and Water
Age of Reform
oIda Whipple in 1910, she was 17 in New Brunswick. Won a prize for an
essay called the Busy East on civic improvement. Addressed a wide range set
of issues; better public library and playgrounds, better policing, better
chemistry equipment in school, prohibition, more experts in the government,
oShe wrote about ideas of reform in the big cities of Canada and Britain
oHer ordinariness makes a good example for the trends of the period
oReforms penetrated down into the ordinary population
o1880s-1920s North Americans were taken up with reform initiatives
oFix problems they saw in the emerging urban industrial Canada
oPrison reform, urban reform, sanitation, public health, sexual and social
purity, alcohol, immigration, womens suffrage, parks and recreation
oThe typical reformer championed more than 1 cause
oInternational network of ideas
oTypical reformer in this period was white, middle class, and Protestant
oPractical reform solutions were couched in very broad terms
oMany saw reform not as a series of small isolated measures, but as a grand
project to regenerate society and the human soul a general impulse
Settlement Houses
oTried to deal with the problem of immigrant life, especially in the city
oIdea of settlement house originated in US and Britain
oHull House (Chicago) founded in 1880s
oMost major cities in Canada
oAll Peoples Mission (Winnipeg) was founded by J.S. Woodsworth (Methodist
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Lecture 4 1/20/11 the age of light, soap, and water: age of reform, ida whipple in 1910, she was 17 in new brunswick. Won a prize for an essay called the busy east on civic improvement. Woodsworth (methodist minister) www. notesolution. com: these houses had 4 basic functions, 1. Immigrant aid basic charity and social work visited immigrant homes, offered advice: 2. Recreational services gyms, fresh air camps : 3. Missionary work church run organizations that were offering urban missionaries, teaching christianity and aid. social catholicism catholic version of social gospel led to reforms in quebec: 4. Legislating morality www. notesolution. com: women are at the forefront of prohibition women"s christian temperance. Union: wctu was founded in the us, temperance movement focused on changing the individual and take the pledge, by late 19th century temperance combined pledge approach with state approach called prohibition advocating government to prohibit alcohol and.

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