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15 Feb 2011
Lecture 9 2/8/11 Postwar Upheaval
oCanada and the world is gripped by a global epidemic of influenza (Spanish flu)
oThe second phase (August through late fall 1918) was when it came to North
America, and was very deadly
oFinal phase (spring 1919) was much milder
oBelieved that 30,000-60,000 Canadians died, around 30 million died worldwide
oBiological and social story
oTrade, migration, and movement laid paths for the disease
oNo antibiotics at the time only thing to do was basic nursing care (warm, clean,
oDeath rate depended on community/individual
oDeath rate in rural Saskatchewan was double that of urban
oIndigenous had a much higher death rate (in BC, it was 8 times than national rate)
oMost of the standard approaches for disease didnt work (e.g. quarantine disease
moved too fast)
oCities limited public gatherings (closed schools, libraries, theaters, church
gatherings cut back)
oOntario Emergency Volunteer Health Auxiliary made up of many womens groups
and unemployed women provided basic nursing care
oWomen are on front lines to mobilize against influenza
oEmergency Diet Kitchen (Winnipeg) elite women who deliver food to affected
oJewish Aid Committee (Winnipeg)
oSome of the first intimate activities that unite the different social classes
Winnipeg General Strike
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