We have lived here since the world began: sense of optimism and pride by english speaking canadians in canada"s cultural and extensive links to the british empire, the british empire was a vehicle of advancement or progress. Things are moving onward and generally getting better. Implicit within that sense of pride was the notion that other peoples including the indigenous people were not progressive. They took for granted that the british empire was grand. The indigenous people were outside of time and history itself. Indigenous societies were primitive and unchanging: they witnessed considerable change over time, the lay of the land population; original settlement, impact of disease. Classifying northern north america"s aboriginals difficulty of classification: population c. 1500 americas as a whole 100 m. northern north america: Lots of creation accounts, stories that explain where people came from. One common denominator was that the people originated here in all the creation stories.