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Lecture 8

Lecture 8-October 6.docx


Department
History
Course Code
HIS263Y1
Professor
Heidi Bohaker
Lecture
8

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8. The Seven Years War, 1756-63
Britain
British Population-around 6m
Am colonies: 1m
Army 1:10 (only one soldier for every 10 french has)
Navy-130 ships of the line and 3 ships for every 1 french ship
Reg troops in colony: - 27,000 + 18k militia
$-10:1
(Britain-smaller island but their combat practices more advanced=Britain raised naval
power-importance of supply lines-moving recourses around)
France
French Pop-around 22 million
New France-55,000
Army: 10:1
Navy:57 ships of the line
Reg troops in colony -6700+2800 militia
(abandons New France)-France did contribute high quality troops at the beginning of
the world-they did not abandon new France
1) Initial French Successes
i) Early defeats of the English, 1755
-(REFER TO EARLIER LECTURE)
ii) Governor Vaudreuil plan of attack-he did admire the First Nations way of war
(hiding in the woods-ambushing people)-significant contrast to how European wars
were being fought in this period
-significant investment in tactical plans
-first nations fought different kinds of war-attacking at night
-Frontier raids- with aboriginal allies-they Terrorized Virginia and Maryland kept them
out of the war until 1758
1756-French also capture Fort Oswego
New France-was in the middle of a crop famine-bringing in more people as prisoners
of war-NEEDING to be fed-taking on bigger responsibility
-BECAME A EUROPEAN WAR
Monclam-lead the French regular troops –they have a different strategy/approach-the
strategy was defensive –protection and defeat
-Vaudreuil wants to have a more defensive war
Siege of Fort William Henry, 1757-not built to withstand ammunition attack
-hundreds come-such adiverse soldiers- NEW FRANCE SOLDIERS-FRENCH-FIRST
NATIONS
2500 REGULAR troops from French
-2500-Canadian Miltita
-500 scouts-specialized in over seas figthing
-Small Pox-Fort Destroit -
Invasion of New
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