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Lecture

christianity, commerce, and the development of new france

5 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HIS263Y1
Professor
Mc Kim/ Penfold

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‘Christianity, Commerce & the Development of New France
II. The Fur Trade and the Development of New France
The fur trade plays a huge role in reinvigorating French ambitions
It begins as a by-product of the codfishery
It became prevalent for people involved in this industry to travel elsewhere and
engage in other business (i.e. participate in trade). The key attraction is the fur
trade.
In this period, garments made of fur bearing animals (esp. wide brimmed hats)
were highly fashionable in European society. In part because they were war,, as
well as the luxurious texture of these furs. These garments fetched high prices in
European markets, As a result, Europeans become effectively involved in the fur
trade
French involvement would result would integrate into an expansive/vast network
in trade networks, which was concentrated in the valley of the St. Lawrence River
The French are relying on relations with Aboriginals to bring these furs to the
French settlement, where they are then traded for European manufactured goods
(pots, kettles, hatchets, etc).
Involvement in this fur trade is fundamentally important to the development to a
French colonial presence in the New World (in particular, to what became known
as New France)
Samuel de Champlain
Plays key role in development of “New France”
Closely bound up in fur trade
By training he is a soldier, mariner, naturalist
Also functions as a politician. In particular he serves as a de facto governor of
New France.
Makes first voyage in 1603. He dies in 1635. Between these years, he criss-
crosses the Atlantic a dozen times
Wants to have a base to consolidate and control the fur trade. The first permanent
French base in the new world is located in southern nova Scotia (Port Royal)
Port Royal, 1604; Acadia
The larger region (Maritime provinces, and Main), was named by the French:
Acadia; However, the French choose not to make this the long term base through
which they hope to assert themselves as an imperial power as it was too distance
from the fur trade
Port Royal is essentially abandoned until the 1630’s
It would never be a focal point for the French to colonize and control
Quebec, 1608
In the summer, Champlain travels up into the gulf where he establishes a trading
post. This would become that critically important base, from which France could
www.notesolution.com
oversee their imperial activities
Under Champlain leadership France begins to construct buildings. Drawing on an
Aboriginal term for “narrowing of the waters,” Champlain names this settlement
Quebec.
Capital for developing French Empire
The French asserted their legal sovereignty over this territory based on Cartier’s
expeditions, based on the precedent of the erection of the cross; however, the
Aboriginal people who inhabited this territory did not recognize French
sovereignty, and thought they were the rightful owners over this land.
They allowed the French to occupy this land due to trade, and warfare. As a result
of trade networks, Aboriginals had increasingly begun to dependent on
manufactured goods. They also believed the Europeans could help them in the
struggle with their Iroquoians speaking rivals (5 nations).
Dependence was a two way street (MUTAL RELIANCE). The French were
equally if not more dependent on the Aboriginals. They needed these people, as
they were the ones capturing and skinning the animals for their fur industry. Also,
the French relied on Aboriginals for indigenous knowledge. They helped the
French to survive in harsh North American environment, provided technologies
such as toboggans and snowshoes, access to canoes, etc.
This relationship (co-dependent relationship) would intensify in the years to
come. It would result in a fateful military encounter involving Champlain and a
variety of Aboriginal groups.
1609: The French led by Champlain agreed to participate in a military conflict
between the two groups (algonquins, and 5 nations). It takes place in Quebec City,
near a lake, which had never been seen. Champlain exhibiting curiousity and
arrogance calls the lake after himself. Champlain deployed their muskets and used
them against the Mo’hawk nation. HE travels behind on foot as the battle is
occurring. At the last moment, they part. In front of him are the members of the 5
nations, and he unloads. Because members were clustered together, he was able to
kill several individuals (including chiefs) with one stroke. As a result, the nature
of warfare changes quite traumatically. Before the introduction of firearms,
Aboriginals would armour themselves with wood. These were good at protecting
themselves from arrows. Also, the tactic of clustering is no longer good. Instead,
they adopted ‘gorilla warfare tactics (unconventional attacks).
Champlain’s Dream
Essentially refers to what he wanted to accomplish in New France.
Notion that one day, New France, would rival and possible even surpass France
itself (the mother country, in terms of wealth, population, military, and political
influence)
This vision has two essential inter-related components:
1. Economic: recognize the fur trade as the essential vehicle to allow this imperial
presence to flourish.
2. Religious: morality’ projecting Christian ideals as widely as possible in Northern
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Description
Christianity, Commerce & the Development of New France II. The Fur Trade and the Development of New France The fur trade plays a huge role in reinvigorating French ambitions It begins as a by-product of the codfishery It became prevalent for people involved in this industry to travel elsewhere and engage in other business (i.e. participate in trade). The key attraction is the fur trade. In this period, garments made of fur bearing animals (esp. wide brimmed hats) were highly fashionable in European society. In part because they were war,, as well as the luxurious texture of these furs. These garments fetched high prices in European markets, As a result, Europeans become effectively involved in the fur trade French involvement would result would integrate into an expansivevast network in trade networks, which was concentrated in the valley of the St. Lawrence River The French are relying on relations with Aboriginals to bring these furs to the French settlement, where they are then traded for European manufactured goods (pots, kettles, hatchets, etc). Involvement in this fur trade is fundamentally important to the development to a French colonial presence in the New World (in particular, to what became known as New France) Samuel de Champlain Plays key role in development of New France Closely bound up in fur trade By training he is a soldier, mariner, naturalist Also functions as a politician. In particular he serves as a de facto governor of New France. Makes first voyage in 1603. He dies in 1635. Between these years, he criss- crosses the Atlantic a dozen times Wants to have a base to consolidate and control the fur trade. The first permanent French base in the new world is located in southern nova Scotia (Port Royal) Port Royal, 1604; Acadia The larger region (Maritime provinces, and Main), was named by the French: Acadia; However, the French choose not to make this the long term base through which they hope to assert themselves as an imperial power as it was too distance from the fur trade Port Royal is essentially abandoned until the 1630s It would never be a focal point for the French to colonize and control Quebec, 1608 In the summer, Champlain travels up into the gulf where he establishes a trading post. This would become that critically important base, from which France could www.notesolution.com
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