Class Notes (922,992)
CA (543,021)
UTSG (45,883)
HIS (3,388)
HIS263Y1 (268)
Lecture

immigration as peril and promise

3 Pages
98 Views

Department
History
Course Code
HIS263Y1
Professor
Mc Kim/ Penfold

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Immigration as Peril and Promise – January 13
I. Migration in Canadian History
Biggest serge of immigration is during Laurier period to WWI
Key Concepts:
Migration takes many different forms: immigration, emigration, net migration
(difference between immigration and emigration), internal migration, sojourning
(come and leave – work to make cash and leave), backdoor immigrants (people
who came to Canada, but their intention was to go to the United States), and push
and pull factors (pushed out of one place, and pulled into another)
Migration is rarely as simple as moving from one country to another. Usually
migration is a series of steps (complex set of movements that take place over a
single lifetime, or over generations). Often times, internal migration can be one
step towards emigration and immigration (intertwined multiple steps). Many
migrants come and left (ex. sojourn).
II. A Nation of Emigrants
Canadians are often more anxious to leave Canada then they are to stay.
Essentially, more are leaving then coming.
Vast majority of emigrants go to the United States
In 19th C over 1million Canadians lived in the United States. If they had not left,
then there would be a 20% increase in Canada’s population
English-Canadians often migrated over the border not far from their present
establishments. They largely migrate for land.
Difficult to track, because they integrate well into American society
A big chunk are also French Canadians who generally migrate to New England
*coastal cities) as they are driven by bridging industries (ex. textiles)
In many New England communities there are large concentrations of French-
Canadians (ex. Fall River and Lowell, Massachusetts). They set up what we
would callcultural institutions (i.e. Franco-phone Catholic Churches, bilingual
schools, French-Canadian newspapers, etc). This is in many ways an extension to
French-Canada. Because the railway is so dense in this area, people easily pass
back and forth
Like many immigrants they face discrimination in New England. They typically
had the worst paid jobs in the factories that they worked in, subject to derogative
slurs,
Carrol D. Wright: Immigration official; Refers to French Canadians as the
Chinese of the eastern states, by which he means the most degraded
III. Immigration Boom, 1896-1913
Outward migration continues during the Laurier period, but net immigration
increases because there are so many more immigrants coming in.
Why the change? One possible explanation was because of a government policy
change. They moved to promote Canada as an immigrant destination. They spend
a lot more time and money trying to attract more immigrants
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Immigration as Peril and Promise January 13 I. Migration in Canadian History Biggest serge of immigration is during Laurier period to WWI Key Concepts: Migration takes many different forms: immigration, emigration, net migration (difference between immigration and emigration), internal migration, sojourning (come and leave work to make cash and leave), backdoor immigrants (people who came to Canada, but their intention was to go to the United States), and push and pull factors (pushed out of one place, and pulled into another) Migration is rarely as simple as moving from one country to another. Usually migration is a series of steps (complex set of movements that take place over a single lifetime, or over generations). Often times, internal migration can be one step towards emigration and immigration (intertwined multiple steps). Many migrants come and left (ex. sojourn). II. A Nation of Emigrants Canadians are often more anxious to leave Canada then they are to stay. Essentially, more are leaving then coming. Vast majority of emigrants go to the United States In 19 C over 1million Canadians lived in the United States. If they had not left, then there would be a 20% increase in Canadas population English-Canadians often migrated over the border not far from their present establishments. They largely migrate for land. Difficult to t
More Less
Unlock Document


Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit