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Lecture

WWI: the home front


Department
History
Course Code
HIS263Y1
Professor
Mc Kim/ Penfold

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WWI: The Home Front – February 3
I. The Government’s War 1914
The War Measures act
The government moved to control unprecedented areas of Canadian life
Regulate economy, and control political expression
Controlled he activities of ‘enemy aliens’: people from countries on the other side
October 1914: government required ‘enemy aliens to register with police, and
make monthly reports to police.
Censored the ‘foreign language press’ – publishing a paper in an enemy language
would have to be approved
Increasingly, the government moves to suppress its treatment of ‘enemy aliens.’
Moved to also regulate economy. By 1916-7 it becomes more intrusive in
economic life. They implement the first income tax. Originally a war measure, it
never went away
Wartime Elections Act
Fuel & Food Controller
Government governed production, and consumption of food and fuel.
Consequences was an increasing cost of living
II. War and Community
War is about community mobilization – moving communities to a specific cause
Churches preaches sermons that regarded the importance of fighting
Schools: built war into curriculum. A Manitoba teacher produced a play that
would allow the students to perform to parents and staff how Canada acted in the
war. In the finale of the war, 9 boys represented the 9 provinces with wooden
rifles.
Arithmetic War: every problem solved counted for a german soldier captured.
Every 30 prisoners allowed the student to go up in rank. Using war in everyday
math through mass
Red Cross: women involved in organizations to mobilize for the war effort (make
bandages, collect food, etc)
Vacant Lot Garden Clubs: to use vacant lots to produce food so that it could be
eaten in Canada, so that other sources of food could be sent to the war effort
Anti-German League (Toronto 1916)
Berlin/Kitchener & Dusseldorf/Freedom (Alberta): German names to be changed
to more British/general sounding names
**war can recast previous relationships prior they were the best immigrants as
they were northern Europeans who could be easily assimilated.
III. Social Reform (War & Reform)
Prohibition
Had little success before 1914. Governments were hesitant to pass anything
because it was so divisive
Could not pass of federal level, so they tried on the provincial level
Though a mass movement, it is not politically popular (political suicide)
www.notesolution.com
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