HIS263Y1 Lecture Notes - Wartime Elections Act

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6 Apr 2012
WWI: The Home Front
War and Community
o Government and popular community based activity to recruit
o The propaganda wasn’t really required since the community was key in enlistment -
the idea of the war as a good fight for freedom and democracy
o Protestant Churches were crucial in articulating justifications for the war - religious
and secular
o Schools are a place for "bottom up" propaganda
o Arithmetic War - every math problem you got right the more "German prisoners"
you'd capture and every 30 you were promoted
o Women were important to the effort
Collected food, clothing, made bandages - mobilized their traditional roles
The Red Cross
Vacant Lot Garden Clubs
Colonize vacant lots to plant gardens - more home production
used, the more the manufactured is available to the soldiers
o Also included exclusion
Anti-German activity, told to keep tabs on enemy aliens
Anti-German League Toronto (1916)
Dusseldorf/Freedom (Alberta)
Before the war they were considered desirable immigrants, superior
European stock - white
Hypothesized that many Germans began to claim to be Dutch to avoid
War and Reform
o Reformers use the war to try for change
Little success before 1914 on a legislative level, most governments
reluctant to make official moves with regards
Canada Temperance Act (Scott Act 1878)
Local Option - can choose to go dry or not, almost always defeated in urban
areas - few institute full prohibition because it's political suicide eg. 1912 &
1913 Liberals ran on a prohibition platform…destroyed - once the war starts,
matters change
o Prohibition movement armed by the war
o Supress individual desires in the name of the war effort for the greater good
o National efficiency issue
o All provinces except Quebec brought in some form of prohibition legislation by 1917
o Soldiers were against Prohibition
o Female Suffrage
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