Lecture 36 The Fate of Empire.docx

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Lecture 36 The Fate of Empire, 1917-1939 l
February-16-12
1:14 PM
1. September 1939
o Britain declares war on Germany and Hitler
o Canada declares war a week later there are 2 aspects : why did Canada declare war? And
why do they wait a week ?
o Now, Canada could declare war by themselves, yet they wait
o William Mackenzie king is president at the time
2. Canada and the empire
o From wwi to wwii, boarden was in charge and everything was defined by ideas and
institutions - the British empire and institutions that linked them to the empire
o Borden is interested in leveraging Canada's act in acquiring more foreign policy, and Canada
should get a say
o One of his key advisors, Lauren Christie, believe in coordinate autonomy - that the empire
should world as a federation and Canada should coordinate their foreign policy across the
empire and talk about it with others and Britain
o 1916 Britain is open to this idea - minister Lloyd George - he sets up an imperial war Cabinet
in 1917 - where all their dominions send their prime ministers and coordinate their efforts
o This allows Borden access to information to the war that he has not had before (he believes
that conscription is necessary)
o The second move George sets up is hold and Imperial war conference in 1917 - that is a
continuation of other war conferences, where all dominions come and discuss things that are
mutual in the empire, the dominions get together and pass a series of resolutions, Resolution
9 - important since dominions should be autonomous after the war - should figure that out
after the war
o the key dynamics that were installed was increasing sense of change in the war
o The second dynamic is increasing formal recognition that the dominions need to have more
autonomy
The first is the Paris peace conference 1909 - because Canada gets its own delegates
during British delegation
Treaty of Versailles, 1919 - it settles wwi, Canada for the first time signs multi lateral
treaty on its own for the first time
League of nations, founded 1919 - collective security body, ensure collective security
members, Canada gets own delegations
Pacific Halibut Treaty, 1923 - gets its own treaty power, since Britain does not want to
get involved in specific treaties, and since it does not have anything to do with British
affairs, there was no oversight in the treaty, - done for the first time
Anglo Japanese alliance - key issues on whether the alliance with Japan should be
renewed in imperial conference, new Zealand and Australia wanted it to be renewed,
Canada though, wanted to keep US happy so they did not want it to be renewed,
people believed that this could not fly in practice since politics of places are local
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