Lecture 41 Cold war Canada.docx

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Published on 14 Apr 2012
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Lecture 41 Cold war Canada
March-13-12
1:06 PM
1. The cold war: A very Brief History
o After 1945 foreign policies
o Relations between capitalist democratic countries of north America and western Europe and
communist countries of eastern Europe and Asia,
o Liberal capitalist countries led by us competed with the Ussr and by china competed globally
for resources for trade, for political allies and for ideological supremacy
o Between 1945 -48 Ussr imposed communist dominated governments it had occupied in
WW2
o Local communist took over china in 1949
o In the mean time the liberal democracy make alliances to oppose communist plot
o Both sides argue that the other is bent on world denomination
o US is leader of western liberal democratic countries and led out cold war policies in late
1940s
o The us argued for mobilisation of all will and all sources against communist threat, yet since
both had nuclear explosives, the result of direct confrontation would have been
catastrophic
o Therefore, the cold war was avoiding direct confrontation, and rather deal with superiority
confrontation
o They fought by proxy, they horded resources into local conflicts that served as proxy for
local events
o The idea of credibility - idea that if the west backs down, which makes local small events
important
o The idea of deterrence important: beginning in 1950s they aims to keep up technological
advances in weaponry - this is called the arms race,
o Mobilisation key - about local and global struggles,
o Canada buys into basic impulses of cold war, because they agree with ideology, a battle
between liberal ideas and free markets
o Canadian officials also draw on pre world war one two
o Canadian officials were thinking that they should not back down
o Another key impulse that we'll see is growing us power is a cause and consequence of the
participation of Canada and move into the American sphere of influence
2. Canada's cold war consensus
o They were enthusiastic cold warriors and wanted to fight against communism
o Shared key tenants of political liberalism and Christianity
o Yet they do not have all the knowledge of the cold war
o Canada's cold was consensus - idea that Canada ought to be cold warrior - key points of it -
1) security, fuelled by disloyalty and how they were introduced to cold war world , Igor
Gouzenko - who defected with a brief case full of documents that has been reaching to
several agencies in Canada, his documents showed Russian spy activities during world war 2,
yet this events not crucial globally but does help to create and solidify an institutional
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