HIS263Y1 --.docx

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23 Apr 2012
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What can we learn about the attack on York (Toronto) and, more broadly, the Canadian
experiences of the War of 1812 from reading these sources?
OPERATIONS ON LAKE ONTARIO, SPRING of 1813
Pg. 55-56
FROM ROBERT HALE SHEAFFE FORT GEORGE NOV.23, 1812
Informing: enemy trying to establish superiority on the lakes.
In spring battle for domination of the lakes
The American government want to possess the Upper Province by disguising it
through establishing control over numerous Indian nations
Pg. 56-57
April 27, 1813
TO ROBERT HALE SHEAFFE FROM THOMAS SCOTT: COMMITTEE OF THE
EXECUTIVE COUNCIL
Submission of observations to Sheaffe
Anxiety for the future
WARFARE ON THE LAKES
Enemy strengthening their marines on the lakebuilding a vessel that is stronger
than any
If the USA gains strength over the lakes it is a problem for the provincefatal
Strengthen the marine on the lakesfor the defence and preservation of the
province
Pg. 58-60
Dec 11, 1812
TO GEORGE PREVOST at YORK FROM A. GRAY
Safety of Ontario
o Prevent ships from falling into enemy hands
Not easythe Americans will try to destroy/capture ships
Use guns to fend them offartillery men
o Enemy strengthening his post by temporary meansAmericans aware of
the British’s attempts
o Increase field artillery to break down these temporary defences
o Build to keep pace with the enemybuilding ships to counteract their
artillery in the spring
Pg. 60-61
Dec 19, 1812
FROM PREVOST at QUEBEC TO A. GRAY
Prevost ―have made the strongest representations to the Gov. seconded by Sir
John Warren of the necessity of and immediate supply of officers and men for the
ship now upon the lakes as well as those to be built
New vessels 120 shipwrights & carpenters to upper Canada
o The aids will help execute the plan; and approved of laying down at York
a ship Corvette to mount & 2 Royal George vessels in Kingston & at
Amherstburg
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o Security of vessels on Lake OntarioEnemy attempts will be protected by
guns
o Artillery have been ordered from Kingston to York
o Block houses at Kingston Prescott, and Chippewa
o Precaution to ensure safety of shipping on the lakes until expected
reinforcement of naval officer and men arrive from England in Halifax
o Destruction of Enemy Naval Force in Sacket’s Harbour under
evaluation
o In SPRING to keep the ENEMY at BAY until plans shall be so far
matured as to ensure to us that Superiority on the Lakes--
o Prevost: “I FEAR TOO WE ARE NOW LOSING”
Pg. 62-64
Jan. 6, 1813 Fort George
FROM ROBERT HALE SHEAFFE TO PREVOST
Received communication from deputy commissary General Couchethe
issues of provisions have decreased in the district
In York and Kingston reduced issues because of increased Marine EST.
Amherstburg probable that consumption will be increased during winter
because Indian source of supply decreased because colder winter
Increased issue for Marine est. several corps and departments in the province
have filed for financial aid
2 or 3 battalions might be raised in the province with encouragement of a
PROMISE OF LANDMilitia: raise corps of 2-3 hundred men in region of
York increase to 5-6 hundred by enlisting them from other placeson the
condition to not serve out of the province (Sheaffe wants approval from
Prevost)
Pg. 64-68
Jan. 19 1813 KINGSTON
FROM Lt. Col. BRUYERES at KINGSTON to PREVOST
Very inefficient Militia in Brockville
Building Block House River Canonoqui
56 total ships that are armed
THE ENEMY HAVE 1 ship of 18 guns and 1 ship of 24 guns + 7 or 8 well armed
Schooners
Guns with ship carriage complete to arm the new vessel in a temporary manner
until the stuff from England arrive
Alter the Moira ship because it is inefficient need to be well armed and contain
the guns.
Need officers and sailors so that vessels will be well manned
Cpt. Gray ― new ship will be ready in time‖
Would have saved time if the whole naval est. was at the post, to save expenses
on travelling
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But no use in thinking about this since it has already been done… concentrate on
uniting ASAP BUT don’t try until fleet is fully prepared and equipped to proceed
on the lake
Consulted with Colonel Vincent on the practicability of an expedition to
DESTROY AMERICAN SHIPS IN SACKETT’S HARBOR—but need to est.
correct knowledge of the enemy there, whether or not they are strongerhave
nearly 100 pieces of artillery in that harbour for naval purposesdepending on
how they use the guns during the winter though
VINCENT: plans on taking advantage of situation in Prescottattempt to form a
predatory attack on the post to serve as a plea to send an intelligent officer as a
flag of truce to the commanding officer at Sacket Harbourwho will then be the
insider and find out confidential things to give correct info
Navy officer; Commodore Isaac Chauncey will try to destroy Yorktry to resist
him
Use the old windmill for defence postwooden buildings in the barrack yard
Pg. 69
Feb. 6, 1813
FROM JOHN MOLSON at MONTREAL to COMMISSARY GENERAL ROBINSON
QUEBEC
Approval of steamboat for the use of gov’t—received instruction for its usage
during the upcoming season
Use the steamboat as a form of transportation30p. For use of it
Pg. 70
Feb. 8 1813
FROM ROBERT HALE SHEAFFE at FORT GEORGE TO PREVOST at Quebec
Provincial services in Upper Canada amounting to £25,000 grant to the receiver
General of the province
Further sum needed for aidto grant £12,000
Av. Provincial expenses for the War against US = £12,300/month
Pg. 71-76
FROM Lt. Col. BRUYERES at KINGSTON to PREVOST
Feb 13, 1813
Col. Bruyeres wants to adopt the Fort George for the defence of the linebecause
it is in a very scatter state
Only the like of Parapet was completed last fallused to protect the soldiers from
sever cannonading
Complete fort George as a field work as soon as the season permits for digging
then use it as a defensive ground
Splinter proof barracks for 400 mento protect from shots/shells
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