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Lecture

september 28


Department
History
Course Code
HIS263Y1
Professor
Mc Kim/ Penfold

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September 28, 2010
HIS 263Y1
1.)The Fur Trade & the Development of New France
‘Champlains Dream’; mercantilism & the Company of 100 Associates
oLinked to the fur trade
o1608-establishment of Quebec City
oPort Royal-attempt at establishing a French base-unsuccessful-wider area
named Acadia
Because of its physical distance from the St. Lawrence the French
abandoned Acadia in becoming a focal point for them. Decided to
make Quebec the unofficial capital of the French empire
oCartographer, soldier, politician, naturalist
oDream consisted of the notion that one day New France would rival and
possibly surpass France itself in terms of wealth, population, and militarily
and political influence
oRecognized the fur trade as the essential vehicle that would allow the
imperial project to grow-in particular, the exploitation of fur stocks
oInterested in morality-projecting Christian teachings as widely as possible
oEnvisions inter-marriage and the creation of mixed peoples-central to
population expansion
oTook for granted the superiority of Christianity in Western civilization (i.e.
Europe)
oThe Aboriginals did not accept French sovereignty over their lands
They allowed the French to continue to occupy this territory due to
mutual reliance- 1.) Algonkian groups gained access to European
goods (pots, kettles etc.) 2.) good relationships seen as beneficial
for military reasons (access to muskets)
The French gained access to the pelts of fur-bearing animals (i.e.
beaver)-fetched high prices on European markets-and access to
indigenous knowledge
o1609-the French agreed to participate in a military conflict between
Algonkians and the Five Nations-took place in modern day Quebec City at
a Lake (Champlain named it after himself)
www.notesolution.com
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