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Lecture

Nov 2 Lecture #14

2 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HIS263Y1
Professor
Mc Kim/ Penfold

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Lecture # 14 – The Union form of the Canadas & the Struggle for Responsible Government
Durhams Report uniting the Canadas; responsible government
Lord Durham is dispatched form the aftermath of the rebellion and he issues an important document which has
recommendations which introduce responsible government and uniting the Canadas.
John George Lambton, Lord Durham Report for the Affairs of British North America
The Union of the Canadas the treaty of Union; Canada East and Canada West
Responsible Government Sydenham; Bagot; Metcalfe
Lower Canada rebellion is much worse causalities are sustained by the patriots it was supressed and
defeated in its goal to bring basic constitutional change and sever ties with British north America = this was not
successful
John George Lambton, Lord Durham is sent out from London he is invested with limitless powers and
complete control and serves of governor in chief of upper and lower Canada and sent out in 1838 he is tasked
with what lead the root of the rebellion and to figure out solutions to keep another rebellious uprising Britain
wants to keep its north America colonies for two reasons 1. Economic reasons and having access to North
American commodities such as wheat and they provided a place where Britain could send their surplus
population 2. Prestige; in the worldwide greatness of the British empire
Lord Durham spend less than 6 months in British north America and a great majority of this time is spent
in lower Canada where we would be advised by members of lower Canadas economic elite who are English
speaking the outcome of this would be the “Report on the Affairs of British North America in 1839 and
its commonly known as the “Durham Report it conveys and observes what he encountered in lower
Canada: was a conflict not of principles, but of races and also two nations waring in the bosom of a single
state” meaning the English and French peoples in conflict this report contains two main recommendations =
1. The assimilation and absorption and cultural eradication of the French Canadians. How does he do this?
He essentially dissolves the old colonies of Upper and Lower Canada and merges them into a single united
colony and are known as separate sections within colony Lower Canada was renamed as Canada East and
Upper Canada was Canada West
The Treaty of Union in 1840 and comes into effect in 1841 this merges the two colonies it scraps the
separate legislatures and creates one colonial government
Each section contains a specific number of seats, 42 seats a piece in 1840, lower Canada (Canada East) was
600,000 of which 150,000 are English speaking upper Canada (Canada West) was 400,000 the idea within
this united colony is that the English speakers in Canada west will team up with the English speaking minority in
the east and outnumber and outvote the French speakers of Canada east and will be stripped of political authority
Durhams 2
nd
objective in the report the granting of responsible government what is responsible
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Description
Lecture # 14 The Union form of the Canadas & the Struggle for Responsible Government Durhams Report uniting the Canadas; responsible government Lord Durham is dispatched form the aftermath of the rebellion and he issues an important document which has recommendations which introduce responsible government and uniting the Canadas. John George Lambton, Lord Durham Report for the Affairs of British North America The Union of the Canadas the treaty of Union; Canada East and Canada West Responsible Government Sydenham; Bagot; Metcalfe Lower Canada rebellion is much worse causalities are sustained by the patriots it was supressed and defeated in its goal to bring basic constitutional change and sever ties with British north America = this was not successful John George Lambton, Lord Durham is sent out from London he is invested with limitless powers and complete control and serves of governor in chief of upper and lower Canada and sent out in 1838 he is tasked with what lead the root of the rebellion and to figure out solutions to keep another rebellious uprising Britain wants to keep its north America colonies for two reasons 1. Economic reasons and having access to North American commodities such as wheat and they provided a place where Britain could send their surplus population 2. Prestige; in the worldwide greatness of the British empire Lord Durham spend less than 6 months in British north America and a great majority of this time is spent in lower Canada where we would be advised by members of lower Canadas eco
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