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Lecture

1911 Election

3 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HIS263Y1
Professor
Heidi Bohaker

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THE 1911 ELECTION
1. A Railway Journey
2. Reciprocity, 1911
III. The Inner Meaning
IV. The Election
1910, Laurier took a train across the country – Whistle Stop Tour, 1910 – Railways important to
east-west economy/nation/links
-In Laurier period, railways is more than economics, its an agent of transformation, an iron
civilizer, brings progress and development to an area. – the first technology that transcends
nature
railway + telegraph = allows you to bypass nature, info becomes virtual
-What did he see as travelling west? A region transformed since NW rebellion and Riel
_by economic change, wheat, farms, spinoffs of farms, timbre from BC
By 1911, west had 1/5 of pop.
-Whistle stop tour – sometimes would go into town, but would mostly stop at train station and
would give a speech at the back of the train to whoever would come. And sometimes locals
would give info too
-heard 2 things:
1. Dramatics greetings and
2. A list of grievance
-topping the list of grievances was the TARIFF (national policy tariff) – tax on goods coming
into the country making them more expensive to come in
-Why were farmers so upset? A couple of reasons.
1. Economic affairs at stake, esp. in wheat economy – sell it on int’l economy
-buy equipment from Canadian companies protected by tariffs, sell things without tariffs, but buy
tariffd products – hurts them as consumers,
-in 1906, several farmer groups said they would give up tariffs on natural products
2. Moral economy – fairness – broader notions on how to build a good society
-one argument is that the tariff protects a few manufacturers at an expense of many
-also a “moral compass”argument – one of the biggest problems with the tariff is that its moral.
It hurts rural areas, farm areas, which is the moral compass of the nation, there is no virtuous
nation that isnt based on farm society – rural life is the best, urban life a necessary evil, god
made the country, man made the town
-hierarchy of space – and it encourages urban development rather than rural life
II.
there were always 2 problems with reciprocity
1. Had been freer trade – a reciprocal lowering of tariffs
2. Politically unsuccessful
late 19th c. – liberals were consistent critics of high tariffs
Liberals had mocked conservative national policy as unfree
->they link trade and tariffs with freedom – that government is not free with all these taxes
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Description
THE 1911 ELECTION 1. A Railway Journey 2. Reciprocity, 1911 III. The Inner Meaning IV. The Election 1910, Laurier took a train across the country Whistle Stop Tour, 1910 Railways important to east-west economynationlinks -In Laurier period, railways is more than economics, its an agent of transformation, an iron civilizer, brings progress and development to an area. the first technology that transcends nature railway + telegraph = allows you to bypass nature, info becomes virtual -What did he see as travelling west? A region transformed since NW rebellion and Riel _by economic change, wheat, farms, spinoffs of farms, timbre from BC By 1911, west had 15 of pop. -Whistle stop tour sometimes would go into town, but would mostly stop at train station and would give a speech at the back of the train to whoever would come. And sometimes locals would give info too -heard 2 things: 1. Dramatics greetings and 2. A list of grievance -topping the list of grievances was the TARIFF (national policy tariff) tax on goods coming into the country making them more expensive to come in -Why were farmers so upset? A couple of reasons. 1. Economic affairs at stake, esp. in wheat economy sell it on intl
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