HIS343Y1 Lecture Notes - Moshe Dayan, Wage War, The Boy Who Cried Wolf

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
History
Course
HIS343Y1
Professor
HIS343 Lecture 5 - 2/5/13
Israeli intelligence - Israel created in 1948 - the Mossad is one of the most famous
intelligence groups, along with the CIA, MI6, and the KGB
intelligence played a role in formation of Israeli government - government and
intelligence goes hand-in-hand - uses all forms of intelligence, especially human int
Israeli intelligence community: Shin Bet (domestic intelligence agency, like FBI), the
Mossad (foreign intelligence), and AMAN (military intelligence)
Yom Kippur War (known as the 4th war) - Egypt and Syria attacking Israel (October
1973) - Egypt movies in at Suez Canal, Syria at the Golan Heights - Israel was caught
off guard but launched a counter-attack and succeeded in pushing the armies back -
October 1973 - almost leads to a superpower confrontation between US and Soviet
Union - US supports Israel and Soviet supports Syria and Egypt
cease-fire is in late October right after Israel enters Egypt
Egyptians move from being Soviet ally to American ally and Egyptians formally make
peace with Israel a few years later
starts off as a crisis, but becomes an opportunity for Israel and Egypt to fix relationship
case study because classic surprise attack on Israel - main intelligence failure, analyzed
similar to the intelligence failure of 9/11
AMAN failed to provide a timely warning despite having inkling that Egypt was going to
attack - problem with assessing information
1947 UN Partition Plan - formation of the Israeli state - 2 states formed in Palestine,
Arab state and Jewish state - civil war breaks out between 2 states
May 1948 - formally declare Israel independence - now lines of separation between the
2 states, and Gaza strip is occupied by Egypt
1950s state of no-war no-peace continues
cout in Egyptian monarchy with Gamal Nasser, Nasser becomes pan-Arab hero and
Soviet ally - Palestinian raiders from Gaza Strip into Israel
Nasser decides to nationalize Suez Canal Company
1956 Suez War - as a response to Egypt nationalization of SCC, France, England, and
Israel team up against Egypt (France thinks Nasser is supporting Algerian rebels)
US team up with Soviets to demand they withdraw from Egypt (Eisenhower feels
humiliated by his usual allies of France and Britain)
UN decision to place peace-keeping army near Egyptian-Israeli border
Nasser is supposed to be pan-Arab leader against Israel but looks weak; to increase his
power he tells UN army to leave
June 1967 - Nasser declares no Israeli ships into Straits of Tehran (leads to Gulf of Elat)
- war move, Egypt mobilizes forces - 6 Day War of 1967
Israel launches preemptive attack against Syria and Egypt (US advice) - leads to Israeli
control over key territories (entire Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip, and Golan Heights, as
well as West Bank where Jerusalem is)
declare they won’t withdraw until Egypt/Syria make peace
by 1970-71 - there are raids on either side of the Suez Canal by Israel and Egypt
1970 - Nasser dies, Anwar Sadat emerges as leader - rules till 1981 (assassinated)
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Document Summary

Israeli intelligence community: shin bet (domestic intelligence agency, like fbi), the. October 1973 - almost leads to a superpower confrontation between us and soviet. Union - us supports israel and soviet supports syria and egypt. Cease-fire is in late october right after israel enters egypt. Egyptians move from being soviet ally to american ally and egyptians formally make peace with israel a few years later. Starts off as a crisis, but becomes an opportunity for israel and egypt to fix relationship. Case study because classic surprise attack on israel - main intelligence failure, analyzed similar to the intelligence failure of 9/11. Aman failed to provide a timely warning despite having inkling that egypt was going to attack - problem with assessing information. 1947 un partition plan - formation of the israeli state - 2 states formed in palestine, Arab state and jewish state - civil war breaks out between 2 states.

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