Week 2: sept. 19: understanding intelligence principles -- required reading: Philip davies, ideas of intelligence: divergent national concepts and institutions, in christopher. Andrew et al. , eds. , secret intelligence: a reader (london: routledge, 2009), pp. Malcolm gladwell, connecting the dots: the paradoxes of intelligence reform, the new yorker, Michael warner, wanted: a definition of intelligence, in christopher andrew et al, eds. , secret. Why study intelligence: 9/11 proves an example of failures of intelligence 9/11 dramatically changing foreign policy of the united states regions of the middle east, and intel sharing between fbi & Intelligence agencies are not forthcoming in delivering information, in fear of otherwise damaging the value of that intelligence. Defining intelligence: no accepted clear definition on intelligence, major national differences on the understanding of intelligence, even internationally, british focus on raw data collection where the us focus on the analytical process fo intelligence.