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HIS344Y1 (100)
Lecture

October 26th 2010

by OC7

Department
History
Course Code
HIS344Y1
Professor
Vasilis Dimitriadis

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October 26th
- an arms race is not unusual but it was the first time, they were compiling weapon systems that
had the capacity to destroy the world
- at the early stages of the Cold War that could have changed the nature of the conflict and led
a different outcome
- 1953, there were serious changes in the Eastern and Western parts of the world t Soviet
Union and United States. In the US, Eisenhower came into power t Republicans. Nov 1953
elections. In Russia, Stalin died and his entire foreign policy and interpretation of international
relations died.
- Khrushchev employed peaceful means for expansion
- Communism, in nature, always sought domination.
- Revisionists argue that there was genuine relaxation and the US and the Western world could
have a meaningful conversation in 1953, but the US failed because of its own interests and
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turned a blind eye to the American methods whether genuine or not, they were methods to
undermine the Soviet Union.
- 1953: Stalin died.
- a collective leadership emerged
- it was Beria who carried out many of the purges, whose name is associated with many
executed. He made the (]u}À}l^o]v[}o]Çv]}Z}(}]Pv}o]ÇX,
proposed a compromise with the West over the issue of Germany. He proposed many serious
reforms in Soviet Union to liberate the Communist system. He released a million prisoners t
Kulaks. dZÁ}µ[vZZ]uÆµX
- Molotov conducted Soviet foreign policies late 30s, 40s and 50s.
- Khrushchev and Malenkov
- Mid-ñìU<ZµZZÀÀ]]zµP}oÀ]v}o}P]Ì(}^o]v[}ZXzµP}oÀ]Á
still a socialist state.
- Alan Dallas: the most probable who would come to the leadership would be Khrushchev.
- the last budge of the Truman administration: 50 million dollars of defense budget. Eisenhower
recognized he could never maintain this budget. He was more concerned with the standard of
living and that Americans could never launch a 50 division NATO. He said must make sure
u]v}v[t go broke.
- the new look entailed keeping up the standard of living at home and maintain American
superiority, esp. military, in international affairs. The only way was to rely on nuclear weapons.
- Eisenhower was willingly to negotiate with the Russians.
- he offered the Russians to settle every issue that separated them, including the Korean
War
- settle the Korean issue t chance for peace, and outstanding European issues t Austria
and Germany
- the US is willingly to provide nuclear technology and material for an international
agency under international control
- the Russians (Khrushchev): common form bureau to control all foreign communist parties and
intervene in all other foreign states. This was dissolved. The May Day parade in Moscow,
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