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28 Nov 2010
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October 26th
- an arms race is not unusual but it was the first time, they were compiling weapon systems that
had the capacity to destroy the world
- at the early stages of the Cold War that could have changed the nature of the conflict and led
a different outcome
- 1953, there were serious changes in the Eastern and Western parts of the world t Soviet
Union and United States. In the US, Eisenhower came into power t Republicans. Nov 1953
elections. In Russia, Stalin died and his entire foreign policy and interpretation of international
relations died.
- Khrushchev employed peaceful means for expansion
- Communism, in nature, always sought domination.
- Revisionists argue that there was genuine relaxation and the US and the Western world could
have a meaningful conversation in 1953, but the US failed because of its own interests and
}i]ÀXdZvÁu]v]]}vv}µvdµuv[}ZXd]]}vo]]u
turned a blind eye to the American methods whether genuine or not, they were methods to
undermine the Soviet Union.
- 1953: Stalin died.
- a collective leadership emerged
- it was Beria who carried out many of the purges, whose name is associated with many
executed. He made the (]u}À}l^o]v[}o]Çv]}Z}(}]Pv}o]ÇX,
proposed a compromise with the West over the issue of Germany. He proposed many serious
reforms in Soviet Union to liberate the Communist system. He released a million prisoners t
Kulaks. dZÁ}µ[vZZ]uÆµX
- Molotov conducted Soviet foreign policies late 30s, 40s and 50s.
- Khrushchev and Malenkov
- Mid-ñìU<ZµZZÀÀ]]zµP}oÀ]v}o}P]Ì(}^o]v[}ZXzµP}oÀ]Á
still a socialist state.
- Alan Dallas: the most probable who would come to the leadership would be Khrushchev.
- the last budge of the Truman administration: 50 million dollars of defense budget. Eisenhower
recognized he could never maintain this budget. He was more concerned with the standard of
living and that Americans could never launch a 50 division NATO. He said must make sure
u]v}v[t go broke.
- the new look entailed keeping up the standard of living at home and maintain American
superiority, esp. military, in international affairs. The only way was to rely on nuclear weapons.
- Eisenhower was willingly to negotiate with the Russians.
- he offered the Russians to settle every issue that separated them, including the Korean
War
- settle the Korean issue t chance for peace, and outstanding European issues t Austria
and Germany
- the US is willingly to provide nuclear technology and material for an international
agency under international control
- the Russians (Khrushchev): common form bureau to control all foreign communist parties and
intervene in all other foreign states. This was dissolved. The May Day parade in Moscow,
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Document Summary

An arms race is not unusual but it was the first time, they were compiling weapon systems that had the capacity to destroy the world. At the early stages of the cold war that could have changed the nature of the conflict and led a different outcome. 1953, there were serious changes in the eastern and western parts of the world j soviet. In the us, eisenhower came into power j republicans. In russia, stalin died and his entire foreign policy and interpretation of international relations died. Revisionists argue that there was genuine relaxation and the us and the western world could have a meaningful conversation in 1953, but the us failed because of its own interests and. :@ lz zzky turned a blind eye to the american methods whether genuine or not, they were methods to undermine the soviet union. It was beria who carried out many of the purges, whose name is associated with many executed.

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