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Lecture

November 2nd 2010

by OC7

Department
History
Course Code
HIS344Y1
Professor
Vasilis Dimitriadis

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Nov 2nd
Decolonization Africa Part II
The Post War Setting/The New Battleground
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early and too soon to denounce Stalin
- Suez Canal: another international crisis
- Khrushchev denounce the West/the United States for its attitude
- Berlin dividing the two sides
- Africa was not really touched, changed after UN established and WWII.
- Suez Crisis backfired. In military terms, it was successful and they humiliated Egypt but
international outcry that followed this military success and above all, the position of United
States and Canada, parting from Britain, compelled British and France. This indicated how much
the situation, how much these two powers have lost their prestige and military and political
and democratic.
- the United States symbolized Western democracy t free world
- Communism and centralized economy
- struggle between those two affected Africa
- Africa have a choice to follow American pattern of Western democracy as a paradigm or new
ideology, the Communist state.
- Khrushchev recognized perhaps the Soviet Union could gain from expanding into the world
where before they never played any role
- Khrushchev: create a showcase for Africa t bribe the entire continent
- in the mid-50s, he undertook the endeavor to create satellite states in Africa
- in 1960s, he opened up opportunities for African students to study at Friendship University t
Moscow for free and to study Marxist and then return to spread the news/benefits of
Communism
- America surprised
- America had to persuade France and Britain to safeguard NATO t to give
compromise/consents t timing of transfer of power was a problem however
- problem: which nationalist groups would accept Western democracy, most said they
were socialists
- these same movements were for the first time had an option
The Consequences
- Morocco: in the 40s, independence movements/nationalist parties
- Istaqlal: independent movement t neither Communist or Capitalist, but welcomed
support from Soviet Union or America
- Tunisia: Neo-Destour: same as Istaqlal
- France bought in military forces, trying to suppress both movements
- at this point, France was already deeply engaged in Vietnam and could not fight in
both parts of the war. Despite military support from America, they were not at an
advantage, which was what compelled them to give in at Vietnam.
- France recognized they had another colony: Algeria. Algeria was another issue, it belonged to
France and there was no desire in France/Paris to give up that part of the colony. Algeria must
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