November 30th 2010

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2 Dec 2010
November 30th
The Western Hemisphere
- Rockefeller warned his own administration that UN would undermine US privileges in Latin
- Article 51: all have own chance and right to create own special security system
- parallel between League of Nations and UN
- amendments
The New Look
- Organization of American States
- implemented and the new international organization created tying Latin American
states and the United States
- defense/security organization also political organization
- great achievement
- Eisenhower: no investment in Latin America t they needed to have own negotiations with
American institutions
- Communism is spreading through Latin America t ou]vZ}Á[u]v]]}v
- covert/secret operations
- cost less to carry out such operations and maintain political system in the Western
- 1954: Guatemala t one of the smallest and poorest states of Latin America, had seen no
change in the economic situation even though they had agreed to Rio Treaty and Organization
of American States
- attempt within to change society
- social breakdown: there were overwhelming indigenous people, the landowning
nobilities that owned majority of land and would not agree to a land reform and the
masses to have more land, ie. to look after themselves
- 40% of land were unsoiled t kept food price high and allowed a profit for aristocracy
and foreign policies. In this case, the United Food company, owning half of Guatemala
land, 90% utilities and railway system and only international port
- first attempts to modernize were mild t plead for American help
- Spring 1950 t Jacobo Arbenz t 61% majority, who immediately sought to political and
social reform - nationalist
- he went after United Fruit Company t nationalize half of holdings of the
company and was willing to pay for it, $600,000
- the company complained to the American government
- the Dulles Brothers, head of state and CIA, both represented the
companies many times t totally unacceptable for them
- Americans asked for 50 million dollars, which Arbenz was unwilling to pay
- he was declared a Communist, but Americans were fully aware he was not Communist
- American government agreed plot to pull Arbenz down from leadership
- Guatemala in the future might become Communist or allow Soviet Union into the
- }µ[t exiles
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