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Lecture

Conflict Co-operation September 18 2012.doc


Department
History
Course Code
HIS344Y1
Professor
Vasilis Dimitriadis

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HIS344Y1 Y
Conflict & Co-operation
September 18 2012
5:00-7:00
LM 159
1648 – 1945 - Britain, France, Russia, Prussia/Germany – Grand Alliance
> European states
1945 – Collapse of the Grand Alliance
Post 1945 – United States/Soviet Union
> Non-European states
Stalin initiated the Cold War, to expand the Soviet Union to propagate Communism. >
Traditional interpretation (1950s, 60s, 70s)
The Americans instigated the Cold War, United States initiated the demise of the Grand
Alliance. Industry undamaged by the war, nuclear monopoly. Americans believed they
ought to dominate. Americans initiated the Cold War for hegemony > New Wave
Interpretation (1980s)
1989 – Present: Both sides equally responsible. (After having access to secret archives)
February 1945 Meeting: Stalin, Churchill, – to discuss post-war development. Different
interests but genuine effort to work together.
Until 1945 Soviet Union was a neutral state
Roosevelt goals: wanted to bring in the Russians having seen Stalin’s willingness to
sacrifice lives.
Roosevelt wanted Stalin to accept his vision of the United Nations; security council with
great powers as veto members; have Stalin bring in China as a member of the security
council.
Churchill goals: limit soviet gains, limit soviet extension into eastern Europe, wanted
Stalin to accept France as a member of the security council (Britains buddy)
Stalin’s goals: Soviet national security; borders in western part, was attacked from the
west through Poland. Extend soviet borders further to the west. Have friendly nations
under soviet control.

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Roosevelt criticized for betraying Eastern European countries who ended up under
Soviet control. Rewarded Stalin with Japanese islands; undermined Western interests;
liberal Europe, human rights.
However, each leader made compromises. Primary example of international co-
operation.
Stalin accepted Roosevelt’s idea of China as a member of the security council (China
was a puppet of the United States). Also accepted France as part of the security council.
Created situation in the security council of 4 against one. Stalin agreed to a liberal
Europe. > FAIR DEAL
Roosevelt dies; Truman becomes president.
Truman suspended military and economic aid to the Soviet Union without warning in
1945. Truman was not sensitive to Russian suffering in the war.
Climate of hostility
July 1945 – allies meet; Truman, Labour Party (England), Stalin,
Eastern Europe – Soviet controlled, were not allowed democratic elections- breached
Yalta agreement.
Mussolini Italy- Britain and United States recognized government without Stalin's
permission – breached Yalta agreement.
American concern over Poland. Stalin “if you care so much about Eastern Europe, let
me have control over Italy's development.”
United States: “O_O
Powers agreed on Four D's for Germany. Envisioned Germany as an Agrarian society.
De-nazified
Democratized
De-cartelized
De-militarized
> information leaked to Germany from U.S media. Made Germany fight even further.
Soviet Union and United States reached a stale-mate on Germany's future and dropped
the issue.
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