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May 18 - Lecture 2

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University of Toronto St. George

Wednesday, May 18, 2011 HIS311Y1 - Summer Prof. C. Pennington Lecture 2: Canada and the World to 1812 Quebec: neglected fur trade outpost, 1608-1663 Champlains alliance wthe Huron was created in 1609 Quebecs outpost was devastated because some Iroquois converted to Catholicism and other chose not to, thus it caused tensions between the Aboriginal tribes disease also wiped out the Iroquois population from 30 000 down to 20 000 1649: fall of Huronians launched series of attacks that wiped out the settlement seized to exist as ally of the French some Jesuits were tortured to death by Iroquois Algonquians were a nomadic tribe (moved around a lot) less inclined to fall for Jesuits Catholic tactics Iroquois were able to attack Quebec at will 1660: IroquoisFrench alliance broke the Iroquois did not like to fight until the last man standing if overwhelmed theyd leave or take other side 1660: dollar and the Long Sault The royal colony of New France was established in 1663 by Louis XIV 1663-1763 Louis was a practitioner of absolutism: all authority is vested by the monarch with orders from God himself there was a lot more than just the Quebec settlement (Acadia, central area called Kanata, and the colony of Louisiana) New France was claimed by the French and had the fur trade with the natives A political culture established: an absolutist political system with three central figures Governor (now known as Governor-General): usually a military officer responsible for defense of the colony and foreign affairs a.k.a. relations waboriginals and later w the British he had to be a very impressive figure of authority as most of his role was bluff: pomp and circumstance Comp de Frontenac is the most famous governor: he spent lots of money on the Office of the Governor in order to appear superior; impress the colony Intendant: had a lot of real authority he was a civil servant; bureaucrat was the finance administrator of justice, supported and housed the troops in day-to-day affairs he had more sway: he knew what was going on Bishop: shows no notion of separation of church from state
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