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HIS311Y1 - Lecture 3

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P Rutherford

HIS 311 25052011 09:58:00 British North America, 1783-1812 The Loyalist Influx Constitutional Act, 1791 Upper and Lower Canada The Late Loyalists For English speaking settlers in Upper Canada, there was not much to distinguish them from Americans because they were Americans 1783 The conclusion of the American Revolutionary War Treaty of Paris o Brits conceded independence of the US Confined to colonies in the Northern part of the continent Quebec, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick until 1791 o US felt independent from 1776 Many who had fought for the British Crown were the Loyalists o Some went to Britain, with about 50,000 came to BNA o The bulk went to the Maritimes, with the minority coming to Western Quebec The Loyalists wanted out of Quebec, and a colony for their own Quebec Allowed the French language, seigniorial land ownership system and Roman Catholic faith 1791 Constitutional Act o Split Quebec into Lower Canada (Bigger) and Upper Canada (Smaller) Both colonies had a British appointed governor, represented the King o Assemblies were also installed, with limited authority and could be over-ruled by the governor o This was a concession to the Loyalists, who wined about how they were to be governed There was little to unite these two colonies Upper Canada (1791-1812) Population increase from 10,000 (1791) to 75,000 (1812) The Loyalists (United Empire Loyalists) formed nucleus of Upper Canada o Favorites of the governor Majority of the settlers by 1812 were the Late Loyalists o These were not loyalists at all, but were Americans who had come in search of cheap land John Simcoe o First Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada o Encouraged this immigration from the Americans o Simcoe believed that British culture and institutions were superior to those of the US, and settlers would embrace this life
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