Class Notes (810,237)
Canada (494,016)
History (3,204)
HIS102Y1 (434)


8 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George

Wednesday, May 25, 2011 HIS311Y1 - Summer Prof. C. Pennington Lecture 3: Birth of a Dominion: Canada and the World 1812-1867 British North America 1783-1812 1783: the date of the conclusion of the American War IMP: the British government conceded on the independence of the United States (officially) finalized and reshaped the boundaries of North America the British were initially the colony of Quebec, Newfoundland and Nova Scotia massive defeat: probably the greatest defeat the British empire faced The Loyalist influx they were not welcome in the United States anymore ~50 000 immigrants came to British North America the bulk of them went to the Maritimes a significant minority arrived at Western Quebec shortly thereafter they began to ask the British government for a colony of their own The British had to make the decision to allow integration or split the people to live in separate colonies Constitutional Act 1791 (Upper and Lower Canada) formally divided the British colony of Quebec into two parts Lower Canada: geographically vast but population was concentrated around the Great Lakes Lower and Upper Canada is in reference to their position in relation to the St. Lawrence River similar structure of both colonies: each had a governor - a British appointee in charge of military; had a sway in day-to-day affairs democratic assemblies: had limited authority and could be overruled by the monarchy IMP: it was however the early stirrings of representative democracy in Canada very different colonies: civil law: common law system in Upper Canada; Civil law in Lower Canada there was very little to unite the two The Late Loyalists 75 000 (as of 1812) people immigrated to Canada the percentage of growth was striking who were these people? The Loyalists aka United Empire Loyalists formed the nucleus of Upper Canada when it came to government appointments, economic contracts, etc., they were the preferred benefactors however the majority of these new settlers were Late Loyalists they were American settlers who did not fight for Britain but they were finding the limits of arable land in the United States and there was land to be had cheaply in Upper Canada John Simcoe: 1st Governor-General who encouraged emigration dangerous move because it asked for people who were not loyal to the British crown to join them he believed that people might come for the land but they would embrace life in Canada as something better than what they had in the U.S.
More Less

Related notes for HIS102Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.