Class Notes (838,272)
Canada (510,817)
History (3,264)
HIS102Y1 (449)

Lecture 1

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Sarah Amato

← - Keywords: • United Kingdom, Act of Union (1801) • England • Wales (1535, 1543)) • Scotland (1707) • Ireland (1800) • Parliamentary System • Class System • Peers/Gentry, Middle Class, Working Class nd • 2 Wave Empire (1870) • Workshop of the World • Great Exhibition of Art and Industry of all Nations (1851) or Crystal Palace Exhibition ← th -Turn of 19 century the mood in Britain (after Napoleonic wars) was a time of great pride and progress - 16 million people in 1801; epicenter of power was London • London in 1801 was the biggest city in the world and it had a popn of 1 million people – it was a huge metropolis ← -England was the economic and cultural centre of UK. It had the largest popn (54% of UK in 1801). Because had concentration of industrial places (nickel fields etc) it was the economic centre of the UK. “what is good for England is good for Britain” • Wales -> was incorporated Wales in a series of wars…it comprised a small percentage of the UK (3%). Despire long associate with the UK, the Welsh maintained a distinct identity from the UK. This is demonstrated by the welsh language which is actually still spoken today. There are still some similarities… o Religiously similar (both are protestant) o Coal producing region is Wales and there is a strong ties between the welsh and the british coal workers (i/.e unions) -> therefore creates an affinity between the working classes of both. • Scotland (1707) -> but remains distinct in many ways (ed. Sys, legal sys, and religion (Presbyterianism; particulary in the highlands there was protest and wars against the joining to the UK)) . There are affinities between the industrialists of both countires • Ireland (joins UK in 1800)-> one of the main reasons it joined Britain is because of irish discontent and the fear of 5 column element in their alliance to France during the revolutionary wars…so they though it would be wise to have a stronger tie b/w Ireland and Britain. It is a very unhappy marriage b/w the two countries because there are so many differences in wealth b/w the two countries and w/I Ireland as well. Majority of the popn is catholic but the religion becomes Anglican after they join....which is another reason for discontent. ← ← -Britain came out of the 19 century basically unscathed and stable ← ← British Parliamentary system • 3 components – each play a vital o Monarchy o House of Commons o House of Lords** (Most important) • DOES NOT have a written constitution - instead have an evolving thing that works based on precedence th • Role of the monarchy is still changing through the 19 century o Monarchy has power but much more than they have today  George 3 -> has the power to dismiss his minister over a policy he doesn’t agree with  Victoria’s rule (1837) -> monarchy is ceremonial (1837-1931); her role is symbolic; focus of national unity  Monarchy today does play a role in government  Queen Elizabeth She opens government, official appoints the elected prime minister, she dismisses parliament before a general election & she gives her royal ascent to bills that were already approved that is before they become law; she has weekly meetings w/ prime minister where he brings her. Elizabeth has been on the throne for so long, she is the continuity (the prime ministers she has seen range from Churchill to Cameron) • Members of parliament are elected…1802 -> 2.6% of the popn of men has the right to vote (have to be a landowner) o They were from the elite section of society (aristocrat) o Is NOT a salary position (so you had to have an independent form of income) • House of lords -> NOT ELECTED o TWO sections  Hereditary peers -> ppl who inherit their seat  Archbishops and bishops of England (the Church ppl) o TWO primary purposes
More Less

Related notes for HIS102Y1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.