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Department
History
Course
HIS102Y1
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
What is an empire multiethnic controlled over a large area of land political unit usually larger than a kingdom and often compromising a number of territories or nations ruled by a single supreme authority an extensive group of states or countries ruled over by a single monarch an oligarchy or a sovereign state supreme political power over several countries when exercised by a single authority an extensive sphere of activity controlled by one person or group How do they do it Military Economics Politics ideology express dominanceform and resistanceEcounter A metting with a person or thing casually or unexpectedly conflict or opposition meeting by chance conflict exposure to new things Eg Emperor Kangxi on religion meeting with Jesuits Exchange the act or instance of giving one thing and receiving another in its place to give and receiveto provide or transfer in return for something of equal value Eg Japans trade statistics by region Trends to whom they were importing and exportingCrossroads and Cultures Chapter 4 pages 104107 117135 Intro Empires Geography and History Four Persian Empires Creating an Empire Governing an Empire How Empires decline Conclusion the rise and fall of empires Persia meaning province MesopotamiaTigris Euphrates Babylon nineveh ur Modernday Iraq Assyria strong military rule to extract wealth persian empire ruled along southwest asia Four Persian Empires Achaemenid 559530 BCE Cyrusfounded created and unified the empire through marriage alliances Darius extended and created the administrative system Xerxes under his power it became weak and threatened by the Greeks Seleucid 32383 BCE foreign dynasty when conquered by Alex the G Parthian247 BCE224 CE nomadic people from north western iran Mithridates scared of being poisoned took small dosages to build an immune system experimented with prisoners Sasanid224651 CE lasted the longest frequent rivals with roman empire used the route of the silk roadsCreating an Empire royalty alliances political incorporation appeal to tradition only strong man in a time of chaos artistically expressing power Governing an Empire maintain ur central authority against local rule large lands controlled by mostly horse have to have roads canals irrigation system have to cope with cultural differences tolerate or have a combination have to cope with economic matters currency taxation weights and measures have to trade with outside people maintain and conduct foreign relations big class of beaurocrats to govern empire issues regarding ethnic minorities slaves women train them through education not too much to prevent rebellions Satrapscommanding officers in charge of taxation How Empires Decline more wealth more people want to conquer it If too wealthy the culture goes soft no drive to improve decline in productivity Cultural and religious diversity could arise threats Conclusion The rise and fall of empires 1700330 BCE development and spread of the alphabet in western asia 15501070 BCE Egyptian new kingdom empire 900612 BCE Assyrian empire 1700500 BCE life of Zoroaster founder of Zoroastrianism 730660 BCE Nubian empire 650 BCE invention of coinage in Lydia104107 500 BC emperor Darius built a new capital at Persepolisdecorations on wall indicate the diversity of the empire babylonians are on the top level bringing cups cloth and a bull phoenicians are on the lower level bringing bracelets metal vessels and a chariotth6 century bce Persian king darius demanded a long inscription on a cliff side which depicted his kingship rising to power as king of 23 countries media babylonia Assyria aria maka from central asia to Egypt did so by defeating men who had false power over the area Under the protection of God Ahurmazda he is king Fought 19 battles and won them Captured 9 kings Gives credit to Ahurmazda accepted the diversity his messages were written in his own old Persian and Babylonian He acknowledged that he had brought together regions and that politicalmilitary power held his empire together His subjects didnt consider themselves as Persiandiversity makes it difficult to give a definition of empire empires are large political units whose leaders control diverse countries peoples and culturesit is difficult for these empires to develop relations each empire has their own way of asserting imperial control usually having an authority figure who attempts to develop one single cultural identity sometimes the authority figure imposes his own culture or allow cultural freedom117135 African kingdoms of Egypt and Nubia were the core of the first empires in this part of the world Nubian rulers absorbed the culture of the conquered territory whereas the Egyptians didnt when they conquered Nubia Nubians were not driven from Egypt by Egyptians but by assyrians assyrians built first empire encompassing south west asia assyrian kings commissioned engineering projects cities arts cities successful military but weak structure only focused on the demands of warfare but conquests set the foundation for later empires in the region influence was little but started to become more defensive against nomads became wealthy and went on a spree to looting their neighbors riches organized as a military hierarchy with king at top and officers with different ranking massive amounts of weapons clothing food horses was in high demand greatest of them all manpower because they couldnt extract too many people without disturbing daily activities such as farming they used the practice of deporting conquered people women men and kids who were captured lived far away from the land but were commanded to work on construction sites or serve in the army usually used as a scare tactic because the people who were conquered needed protection from the state the policy ensured to meet the supply of laborers at the same time reducing the risk of rebellions king was supreme commander his officials had to be in contact with him and the couriers successfully delivering his messages not much compositional and technical info about army women played limited roles more focus on royal women naqiasennacheribeldest son died give heir to youngest son Esarhaddon husband assassinated as a result becoming his ally she built a palace restored temples grand offerings powerful women have to have some sort of connection difficult to attack on a centralized society allowed kings to rule but to conform if that failed theres a rival if that also fails the place is annexed as a province not interested in ruling people but interested in their wealthprovinces have to pay tribute horse wealth an asset manpower allowed them to build glorious structures of gold silver bronze too little agriculture to feed society products had to be brought from elsewhere
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