1600- Battle of Sekigahara- Tokugawa Ieyasu establishes himself as Japans foremost warlord.
Weaponry: 420 cavalry w/ swords, 1200 guns, 850 spears, 200 bows)
1603- Ieyasu assumes the title of shogun. Realizes he must take certain measures to ensure long
and effective government (success, family governed for 250 years in peace). Ieyasu moves the
capital to Edo (Tokyo), emperor remains at Kyoto
1605- Ieyasu retires, son Hidetada becomes shogun (puppet). Power transferred so upon Ieyasu’s
death there would be no question of succession
1615- Ieyasu renews attack on Osaka catle, kills Hideyori and his mother (Hideyoshi family) and
removes the last of his opposition.
- Ieyasu outlines four sons from which the shogun may be chosen (ensure succession)
- Controlling Daimyo
- Daimyo forced to notify shogun before repairing castles. New castles were not permitted
- Warlords needed the permission of the shogun before marrying (control alliances)
- Dress code for warriors (show shoguns superiority)
- 3 categories of warlords (most to least trusted); Shimpan Daimyo- relatives of Tokugawa,
Fudai daimyo- warlords who fought with Ieyasu, Tozama Daimyo- warlords subordinated to
Tokugawa during his rule *Tokugawa family owns ¼ of Japan)
- Alternate Attendance- Sankin Kotai- daimyo spend every other year in Edo, wives and
children remain there. Keeps daimyo poor (20% income on travel costs, 28% used on Edo
- System of Governance- bakufu and daimyo had domains. Only if peasants revolted against a
daimyo the shogun would confiscate the land. Rule was moderate to prevent this. Daimyo
paid no taxes but held small expectations from shogun (infrastructure repair, etc).
Shogunate served as the central government and daimyo were autonomous locally but often
copied shoguns laws.
- Disparity in domain size; smallest 10000 koku (rice to feed a man for one year), largest
1000000 koku. Emperor kept relatively poor (forced to rely on shogun)
- Isolation Policy- sakoku- closes Japa