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Jan 24th HIS3541.docx

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Elizabeth Ferguson

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HIS354 January 24th MASCULINITY, PATRIARCHY AND EARLY MODERN EUROPE PATRIARCHY • word masculinity isn't actually coined until 1978 • it is rarely explicitly mentioned in contemporary sources • manhood is implied by what is explicitly stated, for women there is a lot of discussion about femininity • key differences between men and women was that gender was far more visible and dominant for women • not an extensive discussion about men • understanding patriarchy: often equated to masculinity, encompasses more than male subordination of women, patriarchy restricted to minority of men • relationship between different men in a hierarchical way • patriarchy restricted to a minority of men Exclusion from Patriarchy • male control and authority rested on a firm and decisive identification of sexual identity • manliness linked to strength and self control • sense of privilege and visible differentiation • a lot of concerns about securing the manhood in regards to adolescent boys, the idea that young boys are born with the anatomy of men but as a result of gender will they be 'colder' or 'wetter' and how to engage them in activities that will reassert and cultivate their manhood Relationships between men and women • produced almost, but not quite entirely, by men • the subordination of women began with the hierarchical ordering of bodies • the subordination of women ended with firmly defined gender roles • thinking about the qualities of women as cold and wet The Female Psyche • 'females are more wanton and petulant than males…for the imaginations of lustful women are like the imaginations of brute beasts which have no repugnancy or contradictions of reason to restrain them' Impact on household relations between the two sexes • Willian Tyndale, 'God created woman, knows what is in that weak vessel and hath therefore put her under the obedience of her husband to rule her lusts and wanton appetites' • weakness in mind and will, moral sense and it needs to be controlled • household patriarchy based on women's inferiority • yet there could be overlaps between strength and weaknesses. • she requires the guidance of her husband to control her weaknesses • understan
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