Class Notes (807,410)
Canada (492,737)
History (3,202)
HIS102Y1 (434)
Lecture 8

HIS311 Lecture 8 - Bothwell

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Robert Bothwell

Lecture 8: 10/07/10 In 1802, peace was made between the French Republic and the United Kingdom in the French Revolutionary Wars by the Treaty of Amiens. Napoleon Bonaparte, a French general had lead a coup d’état becoming the ruler of France. During the wars, the French Republic destroyed all of its European neighbors – Britain no longer desired to war. In 1798, Bonaparte persuaded the French government to take Egypt. The French were defeated by the British. Bonaparte then led a coup d’état in 1799, effectively becoming the emperor of France; an absolute ruler. -France has colonies apart from Canada, in the West Indies, East Asia, etc. France had lost Canada during the wars, but to no distress. Canada had not been as profitable as some of France’s other colonies (which were based on slavery) -San Domingue: a French colony with a large slave population. How is this compatible with the French Revolution (the idea that people are born free and have the natural right to overthrow rulers who do not protect their rights and liberties)? It was not. The people of San Domingue eventually overthrew the French rule and Haiti was created. -The principles of the French Revolution were: liberty, equality and fraternity -The French Republic could not do much about Haiti, so Napoleon has his brother-in- law try to re-conquer Haiti in 1802-18****. The French are defeated in Haiti by locals and yellow fever. Spain gives Louisiana back to France – this would form an integral part of the revived French Empire -Louisiana in the whole of Canada from Mississippi to the Rockies. -In 1803, Napoleon provokes Britain into declaring war again, however in 1803, the Royal Navy is predominant and Napoleon would not be able to defeat the British at sea -Jefferson, the 3 President of the United States, was deeply anti-British -Seeing an opportunity, Napoleon sells Louisiana to Jefferson. Before this purchase, the United States is limited from Atlanta to the Mississippi. These actions have a huge impact on the balance of power in North America. -A great feature of Canadian life is that they are smaller and poorer than the US. Buy purchasing Louisiana, the US becomes much greater. This action is amazingly important. -France defeats British allies on land but loses the battle on the ocean. In Montreal, honor is held for Lord Nelson who is killed in battle. -Canadians are doing well outside of the war: Napoleon cuts off Britain from natural supplies in Europe. Britain must find a new trading partner and source of supplies. -Canada becomes an important strategic power in the war effort. The Canadian colonies profit greatly from the war (mercantilism). -There is also a rapid increase in population in the colonies: Lowe Canada has a population of 200 000 in 1810. Upper Canada grows in population as well but through immigration from the US. -American settlers would naturally move to Ontario because the government was giving all immigrants free land (good agricultural land) -From 1770-1790, there was not much change. There remains a huge cultural, legal and government similarity between the two countries – so Americans had few qualms with moving north to Canada. Indeed, many Amer
More Less

Related notes for HIS102Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.