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HIS102Y1 (449)

Lower Orders

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Jennifer Mori

Lower Orders November-22-11 11:05 AM • 50% of population, ordinary folk, hard to classify them, vast variations in wealth, • Rural vast majority where ppl lived • Yeoman • Every village had a baker, artisans, fishing, mining, textiles, cheesemaking trades, • Don’t do one job for a living labourers, agriculture was seasonal, have to make ends meet • Also the same in towns, domestic for women • Moved regularly for labour, especially if you are not a homeowner • 80% moved • Yeoman and husbandman, almost like a guild, all early modern people were independent, not entirely reliant in a economy, self-serve, common lands, collect or use the resources of common fields, 10 pounds per year, firewood, tent, female household economy, contributed through these land rights, • Working women, not wage labour, much more important in towns than countryside, paid in kind, • Tried to give children education, few years of schooling, apprenticeship, 10% of all apprenticeship did go to girls, late age of marriage, 27 years old for women, nutrition not as good, teenagers hit puberty, 16 or 17 menstruation, girls dowry, menial jobs for little pay, if parents cant do it, men are trying to be able to get married, state they can nest egg • Many women will return back to work when they can be by themselves, status symbol if you would not work, luxury, wven with middling sort some women work alongside their husband • 260 pounds 1630-1680, considerable sum • Husbandman, 5 acres of land, still self sufficient, 44 pounds in will • Labourers, town or country, little education, no skills, very small land half an acre, supplement have to work • Urban • Artisans • Master craftsmen, aristocracy of labour • Journeymen • Unskilled labourers • 1500-1610, declining wages, bad harvests • Elizabethan Poor law, 1560-1700's charities that church provided before reformation • 1.1576 first statutes, 1601, actually begin, required every statute in country to implement welfare for them, what is best for them
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