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HIS359 - February 8 - Dominican Republic.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Melanie Newton

HIS359February 8Kristen Young Dominican Republic Relations with HaitiThe massacre hasnt really been included in scholarly thought until the last few yearsShows a direct relation between dictatorship and scholarshipThere has been a lot of scholarship on Haiti but you have to look hard before 1990 to find a lot on the real DuvaliersIn the case of the Dominican there are many aspects of the history that wasnt written aboutWas almost a gapping hole because there wasnt any writingsIt wasnt until there was a democracy that there has been a boost in scholarshipThere is an intense focus on the massacre that is unsettling for some DominicansThe 1937 massacre was a major event in the international communityIt was overshadowed by other political events in the world Spanish Civil WarAppeasement of HitlerThe Trujillo RegimeWas extremely grotesque extremely violent One of the longest serving dictatorships in the Caribbean Afterwards it sort of disappeared from the minds of the people in the Caribbean even though when he was in power his name brought fear He had one of the most extensive secret policeThe 20th century is the century of state orchestrated genocidesGenocides are carried out to create the situation that they are saying that they are getting rid ofThey are used by regimes to create the situations that they feel is needed in order to sustain the country and the nationIts after the genocide that normal people in the nation ascribe to the mentality that the government felt was neededGenocides create in the nation the mentality that it is supposed to be getting rid of it creates the psychological realityThe ways it does this is complicatedIt obviously removes massive groups of people based on the factors that the governments felt it was necessary to remove them forThere was nothing that really distinguished the Haitians from the Dominicans but the regime created and emphasised the smallest differencesThe very identification of the things that were seen as normal before is what makes people see them as different and to classify the people who fulfill the specifications to be differentPeople who went through it didnt really understand the differences until after the genocide surviving the terror helped to shape peoples memories it forces people to identify out of shear terror themselves with the regimeShame is a basic fact People who survive massacres are made to feel that because they survived they were complacent with it They were in a sense forced to go along with it It is a forced identification with the cause that they didnt necessarily agree with before Usually after the genocide the relation with the regime is stronger because it takes away the guilt that could be felt by the necessity of surviving that led people to do things that they wouldnt necessarily have done beforeGenocides also create new spacial realities
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